Several recent studies indicate that a low-carbohydrate diet is effective at improving glycemia. A few studies have shown that in non-diabetic individuals, low-carbohydrate diets were more effective than higher carbohydrate diets at improving fasting serum glucose [13,14] and insulin [6,14-16], and at improving insulin sensitivity as measured by the homeostasis model [6]. One of these studies also included diabetic patients and noted a comparative improvement in hemoglobin A1c after 6 months (low fat diet: 0.0 ± 1.0%; low carbohydrate diet: -0.6 ± 1.2%, p = 0.06) [6] and 12 months (low fat diet: -0.1 ± 1.6%; low carbohydrate diet: -0.7 ± 1.0%, p = 0.019) duration [5]. In a 5-week crossover feeding study, 8 men with type 2 diabetes had greater improvement in fasting glucose, 24-hour glucose area-under-the-curve (AUC), 24-hour insulin AUC, and glycohemoglobin while on the low-carbohydrate diet than when on a eucaloric low-fat diet [7]. In a 14-day inpatient feeding study, 10 participants with type 2 diabetes experienced improvements in hemoglobin A1c and insulin sensitivity as measured by the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp method [8]. Hemoglobin A1c also improved in an outpatient study of 16 participants who followed a 20% carbohydrate diet for 24 weeks [9].
Hits the spot! I love traditional cereal and this definitely satisfied my tastebuds!! I will say I did realize how important it is to not over pulse, and to create a thin layer when placing in the oven. For the first few minutes I had a thick, maybe 3/4 inch layer, and I ended up thinning it out after reading reviews. I think in total I baked mine for 25-28 minutes. It was a little soft after coming out of the oven, but like you said it hardens after it cools. I added cinnamon, and wish I added more (I love a strong cinnamon flavor).
Implementing the diet can present difficulties for caregivers and the patient due to the time commitment involved in measuring and planning meals. Since any unplanned eating can potentially break the nutritional balance required, some people find the discipline needed to maintain the diet challenging and unpleasant. Some people terminate the diet or switch to a less demanding diet, like the modified Atkins diet or the low-glycaemic index treatment diet, because they find the difficulties too great.[42]
Look, the good doctor is right – he only forgot to stress “portion control” which is why many fanatical dieters are so kee-jerk reactive to any discussion – odds are you over ate like a hog before your keto diet, and are weak and insecure in your diet plans. Eat EVERYTHING in small amounts, and you will live long and prosper. The only thing to avoid are processed foods. Cook your meals from scratch using quality ingredients.
If you are a coconut lover you will really love this hot cereal in the morning. This is one of the best breakfast cereals you can have, especially on a colder day, as it gets you filled up and heated up at the same time. It has a rich coconut flavor which is complemented by the vanilla and is sweet enough to satisfy a sweet tooth, and with only two grams of carbs in each serving, it is definitely low.
A computer program such as KetoCalculator may be used to help generate recipes.[47] The meals often have four components: heavy whipping cream, a protein-rich food (typically meat), a fruit or vegetable and a fat such as butter, vegetable oil, or mayonnaise. Only low-carbohydrate fruits and vegetables are allowed, which excludes bananas, potatoes, peas, and corn. Suitable fruits are divided into two groups based on the amount of carbohydrate they contain, and vegetables are similarly divided into two groups. Foods within each of these four groups may be freely substituted to allow for variation without needing to recalculate portion sizes. For example, cooked broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, and green beans are all equivalent. Fresh, canned, or frozen foods are equivalent, but raw and cooked vegetables differ, and processed foods are an additional complication. Parents are required to be precise when measuring food quantities on an electronic scale accurate to 1 g. The child must eat the whole meal and cannot have extra portions; any snacks must be incorporated into the meal plan. A small amount of MCT oil may be used to help with constipation or to increase ketosis.[37]
The Keto diet is high in fat, moderate in protein and extremely low in carbs. It’s a highly effective diet as it takes into account accurate tracking of your meals, to find the right body balance, followed by charting your goals! I’m a big fan of the low-carb diet. Not only has it been shown to be more effective than a low-fat diet, but it bestows many additional health benefits over a typical diet.
These are great additions to the low carb pantry. No need to give up wonderful baked goods and live low carb. I use them all the time. I have also tried many of Carolyn’s recipes that use nut flours and coconut flour. They are awesome! You can easily take them to parties where people are expecting flour-baked goods and fool them. Thank you Carolyn for your many contributions to the low carb lifestyle!
The only problem with using almond flour is that it is easy to overdo it. A cup of almond flour, for example,  consists of about 90 almonds — an amount that someone would rarely eat in one sitting. Although there are many health benefits that you can get from almonds, consuming high quantities of them will flood your body with inflammatory fats and phytates, which can worsen pre-existing health issues.
Goday A, Bellido D, Sajoux I, Crujeiras AB, Burguera B, García-Luna PP, Oleaga A, Moreno B, Casanueva FF. Short-term safety, tolerability and efficacy of a very low-calorie-ketogenic diet interventional weight loss program versus hypocaloric diet in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nutr Diabetes. 2016 Sep 19;6(9):e230. [PMC free article: PMC5048014] [PubMed: 27643725]

Thanks! I actually checked the link you put in the article to the original recipe. And in that article, she says that the noodles don’t necessarily re-heat very well, they seem to get over cooked. Have you found that you can have leftovers of these noodles without ruining them? Just thinking maybe I’d make a smaller lasagne, less likely to even have any left over, then. And only need one batch.
I’m just starting this today. My intent is to be keto, but at the very least low carb. The biggest obstacle is that I’m vegetarian, so I have to eliminate the meat section. I plan on continuing with limited cheese and will look at tofu options. But my question is actually about olives! I understand they are low carb, but I buy in bulk and so there is no label to refer to. Is there a standard of net carbs you can advise for large green olives (stuffed with pimento) and Kalamata olives (for greek salads). thanks! Lois
Maya, Thank You so much for this recipe. I made it as written with your suggestion of 2-3 Tbsp of psyllium husks and I am in heaven! Thank you so much! Being keto has been an amazing thing for me and my health but was truly starting to miss certain foods. This was so good and my family loved it too! Definitely a keeper for me. Thank you again! A quick question- if I halved the coconut oil, would that throw the texture off too much?
We have solid evidence showing that a ketogenic diet reduces seizures in children, sometimes as effectively as medication. Because of these neuroprotective effects, questions have been raised about the possible benefits for other brain disorders such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, multiple sclerosis, sleep disorders, autism, and even brain cancer. However, there are no human studies to support recommending ketosis to treat these conditions.
Almond flour is available in supermarkets and grocery stores, but you can find it for the lowest price when you buy it in bulk online. Make sure you purchase the finest blanched almond flour that has no darker specks of skin. The finer the grind of the almond flour, the finer the consistency of your baked goods and the easier it will be for your food to rise.
Ketogenic cereals can be a bit of a challenge, so why not try out this blueberry one! It is crunchy and delicious and has all the slow release energy you will need to get through the morning. This makes a great after-school snack for kids and helps them get away from sugary snacks. If you like this one you could experiment with other flavors – for example, try cherry extract instead of blueberry!
For orecchiette: cut dough into 4 pieces, roll out into even-sized logs and slice off even-sized pieces. This will ensure evenly-sized pasta. Using your thumb, press each piece against your opposite palm, creating an indentation.  Lightly dust with coconut flour as needed. You can either leave them as they are or turn them out (see post for gif images). 
Low-carb pasta will make a welcome addition to your pantry if you happen to be watching your waistline. Traditional pasta is extremely high in carbohydrates, containing more than most people need to feel satisfied. And, it's so easy to overeat! Low-carb pasta makes it possible to enjoy your favorite flavors without all of the extra calories, so you can indulge and still make progress toward your goal weight.

The modified Atkins diet reduces seizure frequency by more than 50% in 43% of patients who try it and by more than 90% in 27% of patients.[18] Few adverse effects have been reported, though cholesterol is increased and the diet has not been studied long term.[48] Although based on a smaller data set (126 adults and children from 11 studies over five centres), these results from 2009 compare favourably with the traditional ketogenic diet.[18]
In 1921, Rollin Turner Woodyatt reviewed the research on diet and diabetes. He reported that three water-soluble compounds, β-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate, and acetone (known collectively as ketone bodies), were produced by the liver in otherwise healthy people when they were starved or if they consumed a very low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet.[10] Dr. Russell Morse Wilder, at the Mayo Clinic, built on this research and coined the term "ketogenic diet" to describe a diet that produced a high level of ketone bodies in the blood (ketonemia) through an excess of fat and lack of carbohydrate. Wilder hoped to obtain the benefits of fasting in a dietary therapy that could be maintained indefinitely. His trial on a few epilepsy patients in 1921 was the first use of the ketogenic diet as a treatment for epilepsy.[10]

I had pasta last night, and I feel guilty that I cheated. This recipe is that good. I followed your directions exactly, including simmering the noodles in some sauce for a few minutes. What size pan did you use? It was hard for me to estimate and I ended up throwing away some egg mixture. Putting pan sizes in all your wonderful recipes would be helpful. Keep up the good work. You are my low-carb, go-to guru.
In the absence of CHO, however, the body must shift to fat as the primary energy source. In this case, the body catabolizes stored triglycerides, which exist in abundance in even the leanest individual. In effect, the KD provokes a physiological stimulus, i.e., CHO restriction, that mimics starvation. Due to the limited ability to store or produce CHO during periods of starvation, the body thus switches to ketogenesis, the production of ketone bodies as a primary fuel source (3).
Check nutritionally-complete low-carb menus with under 50 grams of net carbohydrate per day to see what a ketogenic diet could look like. These menus are, however, going to be too high in protein for some people to remain in ketosis, and some of them may be a little high in carb if you have very poor carb tolerance. Keep in mind that ketogenic diets should always be tailored to the individual.
Oh my God, do you have any idea what you have done, LOL. I have searched for months for anything like biscuits etc. I have a good pancake recipe but that is it. I am not paleo just a 65 year old junk food junky. I’m extremely low carb and sugar and grain free. Your biscuit recipe is fantastic! I do tweak it a little, just a touch more butter and they are so good I only get 6 out of the recipe for 12, oops. Gonna try the bread recipe next. THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU.
Since the ingredients are eggs and cream cheese, and the recipe for scrambled eggs or an omelette is eggs and cream or milk, which is almost the same, the taste is going to be eggy. Adding gluten,which has no taste, is not going to change the flavor. I thought it might change the texture, but it didn’t do that either. How it’s mixed, baked, or simmered isn’t going to change the flavor either.
The main limitations of our study are its small sample size, short duration, and lack of control group. That the main outcome, hemoglobin A1c, improved significantly despite the small sample size and short duration of follow-up speaks to the dramatic and consistent effect of the LCKD on glycemia. For other effects, however, such as the rises in serum LDL and HDL cholesterol, the small sample size might be the reason statistical significance was not reached. Future studies of larger samples and containing a control group are needed to better address questions about the effect of the LCKD on serum lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes.
But I just made some biscuits from an old cooking book, which had Almonds grounded (so I just used my almond flour) & I switched sugar for some xylitol & then thought I’d use the Coconut flour in place of ordinary Plain Flour! I did it cup for cup, so it was 2/3 cup……remembered about needing more liquid, so I added an egg (receipt already had 150g butter, which I put in 160g) They taste nice, but I think maybe I should have reduced the coconut flour, after reading your points, or added another egg, or more butter, what would you do? They also have an almond on top. thanks, Pam
Short-term results for the LGIT indicate that at one month approximately half of the patients experience a greater than 50% reduction in seizure frequency, with overall figures approaching that of the ketogenic diet. The data (coming from one centre's experience with 76 children up to the year 2009) also indicate fewer side effects than the ketogenic diet and that it is better tolerated, with more palatable meals.[18][50]

I ditto that. I’m starting the keto diet, but am struggling to get my macros right. I usuaslly end up with too much protien and not enough fat. A daily “menu” to try to copy would be great! I”m 59, almost 60 and have about 20 to get off. My birthday is October and would like to have this gone by then! Thank you for all you do. I love reading your posts!!
The modified Atkins diet reduces seizure frequency by more than 50% in 43% of patients who try it and by more than 90% in 27% of patients.[18] Few adverse effects have been reported, though cholesterol is increased and the diet has not been studied long term.[48] Although based on a smaller data set (126 adults and children from 11 studies over five centres), these results from 2009 compare favourably with the traditional ketogenic diet.[18]

If you are a coconut lover you will really love this hot cereal in the morning. This is one of the best breakfast cereals you can have, especially on a colder day, as it gets you filled up and heated up at the same time. It has a rich coconut flavor which is complemented by the vanilla and is sweet enough to satisfy a sweet tooth, and with only two grams of carbs in each serving, it is definitely low.
Yes, some ideas on meal plans and very easy recipes would be very helpful. I’m 67, very overweight, diabetes, high blood pressure. My big love are all the carbs. This way of life seems impossible to me, all that fat just doesn’t sound appealing. I can’t see how to eat that much fat a day. Years ago, I did try Dr. Atkins diet but I had a very hard time with the very limited carbs. But now, I need to something drastic but haven’t a clue how to start.

Most low-carb diet authors don't recommend bothering with it. Even many of those who think a ketogenic diet is a good thing just assume that a very-low-carbohydrate diet (under about 50 net grams of carbohydrate) is ketogenic. On the other hand, many people have found that monitoring their ketones, at least for a while, provides valuable information.


Dr. Campos, it is so discouraging to see that you disparage the ketogenic diet based on your assumption that it is very heavy in poor quality processed meats. No diet that relies on processed foods can be viewed as “healthy”. Become better informed by getting up to speed with what Jeff Volek, RD, PhD, calls a “well-formulated ketogenic diet.” Also, learn more about the potential of the diet to slow cancer progression (my specialty). You owe it to your patients who are depending on you for advice. Present them with facts, not opinions.
So rather than giving one-size-fits-all dietary advice or weaponizing the word “balanced” it might be better if the medical community suggested that there are Individual differences that need to be considered. This might also help those lay folk who have had success with one dietary lifestyle or another also realize that what’s valid for them may not be good advice for others.
Thank you for such a through list. I have been wondering how to count the spices used in cooking and now I know. I do have one question though that I can not find the answer to. When breaking down the macros for a recipe how do you count items that are listed as having fewer than 1 carb? Do you just count it as one? I am in a stall and wondering if I am not accounting for enough carbs.
Yes, nuts can be seen as antiinflammatory when eaten whole and in small amounts, the problem with much of low-carb baking is the huge quantity of almonds you can easily consume in just one slice of cake/pie/cookie. 1 cup almond flour = 90 almonds, and I don’t think many would sit and consume 90 almonds, but it’s easy to overeat almond baking so I am developing recipes with either almond flour or coconut flour to mix things up. This is a great article explaining why we can enjoy nuts, but be cautious of which type and how much. Nuts have become readily accessible too often and eaten it too larger quantities. Nibbling on a few isn’t going to be a problem and probably beneficial.
I really love this bread the taste and texture, but I just can’t get the bread to rise. It always falls in the middle even before it is finished baking and continues to fall while cooling. The slice of bread looks like a sway back horse. It will rise and look wonderful and then start falling in the middle while baking. I’ve added a tablespoon of Baking Soda, increase the water to 1.5 cups, tried glass and metal loaf pans, baking at a higher temperature but nothing works. Can anyone help me with this falling in the middle problem?
Katie, Almond flour is probably the easiest keto-friendly flour for a new cook to work with. It’s very versatile and can be used in recipes for cookies, muffins, breads, scones, cakes, etc. (Of course the ratio of almond flour to other ingredients changes based on what you’re making.) But with that being said, because almond flour doesn’t have gluten, it can be difficult to simulate the soft crumb of regular baked goods unless you combine almond flour with another keto-friendly flour and/or a binding agent. This is why a lot of our recipes call for more than one type of flour. I hope this helps! If you’re looking for a certain recipe in particular please let us know and we’ll try to point you in the right direction!

On the ketogenic diet, carbohydrates are restricted and so cannot provide for all the metabolic needs of the body. Instead, fatty acids are used as the major source of fuel. These are used through fatty-acid oxidation in the cell's mitochondria (the energy-producing parts of the cell). Humans can convert some amino acids into glucose by a process called gluconeogenesis, but cannot do this by using fatty acids.[57] Since amino acids are needed to make proteins, which are essential for growth and repair of body tissues, these cannot be used only to produce glucose. This could pose a problem for the brain, since it is normally fuelled solely by glucose, and most fatty acids do not cross the blood–brain barrier. However, the liver can use long-chain fatty acids to synthesise the three ketone bodies β-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate and acetone. These ketone bodies enter the brain and partially substitute for blood glucose as a source of energy.[56]

Children who discontinue the diet after achieving seizure freedom have about a 20% risk of seizures returning. The length of time until recurrence is highly variable, but averages two years. This risk of recurrence compares with 10% for resective surgery (where part of the brain is removed) and 30–50% for anticonvulsant therapy. Of those who have a recurrence, just over half can regain freedom from seizures either with anticonvulsants or by returning to the ketogenic diet. Recurrence is more likely if, despite seizure freedom, an electroencephalogram shows epileptiform spikes, which indicate epileptic activity in the brain but are below the level that will cause a seizure. Recurrence is also likely if an MRI scan shows focal abnormalities (for example, as in children with tuberous sclerosis). Such children may remain on the diet longer than average, and children with tuberous sclerosis who achieve seizure freedom could remain on the ketogenic diet indefinitely.[46]
Congratulations on your keto success! i started keto on September 2, 2017 after reaching my highest weight ever of 192. As of this morning, I’ve lost 50 pounds, weighing 142. I’ve struggled with weight my entire life, & never thought I would be this size or weigh this little. I have never felt better! My hormones are stabilized (I’m 60, so I have the perimenopausal thing going on); my acid reflux is almost completely gone; my arthritis symptoms are gone; I’m sleeping MUCH better; and my skin isn’t dry! I started keto for weight loss, but now I know the weight loss is a perk. I’m never “hangry” and have been able to incorporate 24 – 48 hour fasting into my weekly regime with no difficulty. I do intermittent fasting every day, eating all my food in 8 – 12 hours daily. My “food obsession” is gone; yet, I love eating more than I ever did pre-keto! I eat only when I’m hungry (not by a clock) and stop when I’m satisfied. I agree that a lot of docs still are not on board with keto. A great book to understand keto from a medical perspective is Jimmy Moore’s Keto Clarity. I think the reason some people don’t do well on keto is they have a difficult time embracing the idea of eating “this much fat”. Happily, I’m an “all or nothing” person, so when I started keto, I jumped in – and found that the fat fills me up faster & keeps me full longer so I don’t have cravings. When I do want something sweet, I make a keto treat – but it’s not every day or even every week. Most of the time, I’m super happy on my bacon, sour cream, cream cheese,and fattier meats! I am keto for life – there is no reason to go back to eating any other way!
Foods that are low in carbohydrates are a smart choice for people who have certain medical conditions. Carbohydrates are broken down by the digestive system as sugar, which makes high-carb foods a risky bet for diabetic patients. Low-carb pasta is less likely to cause blood sugar spikes than regular pasta since its carbohydrate content is made up mostly of fiber, which the body does not convert into glucose. Of course, if you have any condition that affects your diet, you should always consult with your doctor before consuming new foods.
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Oatmeal is something we all miss when it starts to get cold outside, but it is filled with carbs. You can easily make your own oatmeal by following one of the many recipes online. Or, if you’d like a different twist on oatmeal, give our Cinnamon Roll Oatmeal a try. Using what you might think are strange ingredients (cue cauliflower), you get an absolutely delicious faux oatmeal.
Donna the problem about using that much xantham gum in a recipe for gluten free is the problem. Usually when using xantham gum in a flour mix the general rule is 1 tsp per cup of flour or starch in the mix. so for this recipe there should only be 4 tsp of xantham gum not the 1/4 cup ( 4 Tbls) you call for. It should give you a less gelatinous texture and a much better taste. Another possibility to use instead of the xantham would be to use Psyllium husk powder. Hope this helps someone who might be finding it hard ro bake with the gluten free mix as written, try lowering the xantham gum to the levels I suggested.
This recipe was a complete disaster for me. I decided to double it to get a dozen donuts and followed the recipe exactly. My “dough” was bubbly and foamy and almost had a cream of tartar like taste. During baking, the donuts spilled over the top of the donut pan and made flat cookies on top. I baked it extra long to try to avoid the crumbling but there was no way to get the “donuts” out of the pan. The flat cookie part broke off and I had to scoop the insides out with a spoon. Not sure what I’m going to do with a large bowl of crumbs now. Bummer!
Thanks for providing these recipes. I just made the bread from the recipe and I noticed my batter was more wet than yours in the video and that it was actually to wet to form a domed top. After baking I also found that the loaf did not rise as much as yours. I followed the recipe exactly except possibly the coconut oil which was refrigerated, (not sure why) which made it very hard to try to measure exactly. Could this be why the bread did not turn out properly. It’s still cooling but I assume that it will taste good even though it is only 2″ tall.
These are great additions to the low carb pantry. No need to give up wonderful baked goods and live low carb. I use them all the time. I have also tried many of Carolyn’s recipes that use nut flours and coconut flour. They are awesome! You can easily take them to parties where people are expecting flour-baked goods and fool them. Thank you Carolyn for your many contributions to the low carb lifestyle!
Made from dried and defatted coconut flesh, coconut flour has a high fiber content, with 8 grams of carbs and 5 grams of fiber in two tablespoons. To use the flour, replace up to 20 percent of the regular flour in a recipe with coconut flour and add an equal amount of liquid. For example, if a bread recipe calls for five cups of all-purpose flour, use 4 cups of the all purpose flour and one cup of coconut flour plus one cup of water. You can also use the flour alone for breading.
Thanks for your quick reply. Yes, BP is fresh. My batter wasn’t runny either. In fact I was going to add some more liquid but decided to leave as it was. The only other thing it could have been is that I live at 5100′ elevation and it was cold and snowing the day I made them. I am going to make them again and see what happens. I am not giving up! 🙂
I love you guys! I never miss an email- something good in every one (usually recipes). I printed out the sweetener list and put it on the fridge. This is wonderful today, will print asap. We started low carb in April. In 2 months I lost 40 pda and my hub lost 28! When I went in for my 3 month A1C my count had dropped from 7.2 to 5.8!! My Dr was as thrilled as I was! I still have 160 pds to go but this is the easiest diet I have been on. Weekends are hardest though. We want to eat out the time- you have any suggestions??
I had to make a few changes though. First, what makes a donut taste like a donut is nutmeg. I added a few gratings and cut the cinnamon down to about half. Second, I live in South Korea and almond milk almost always contains sugar and is very expensive. I used heavy cream and then added a splash of water when the batter was very thick. Third, I don’t have erythritol, but I do have a stevia and erythritol blend so I used that.
2. Adzuki Bean Pasta from ExploreAsian, Gluten-Free: This one has a different flavor than it’s black bean counterpart, and has twice as many carbs. But at 11 grams of carbs per serving, that’s still a lot fewer carbs than traditional pasta. You could even mix this pasta into the pot of boiling water with the black bean pasta to change things up and reduce the carbs in your bowl at the same time. (This company has some higher carb bean pasta variations, too!)
Long-term compliance is low and can be a big issue with a ketogenic diet, but this is the case with any lifestyle change.  Even though the ketogenic diet is significantly superior in the induction of weight loss in otherwise healthy patients with obesity and the induced weight loss is rapid, intense, and sustained until at least 2 year, the understanding of the clinical impacts, safety, tolerability, efficacy, duration of treatment, and prognosis after discontinuation of the diet is challenging and requires further studies to understand the disease-specific mechanisms.
If you're in search of carb-free noodles that perfectly mimic the taste and texture of regular spaghetti -- a true miracle -- keep looking. Like pasta, shirataki noodles are mostly neutral in flavor and can absorb the tastes you cook with. But, shirataki has a slimier consistency and you won't be able to choose the hardness of your pasta -- al dente or otherwise -- because the noodles are already "cooked."
Almond Meal is made slightly different than almond flour. Instead of blanching the almonds to remove the skins, the skins on the almonds are kept on. It’s a little bit coarser than almond flour and still bakes the same. For baked goods, I like to use a super fine ground almond flour but I will equally use almond meal as it seems to perform just as well in most recipes, at a reduced cost.
Taken together, these results demonstrate a positive effect of LCD/KD on body composition. While KD may not be superior to other dietary strategies aimed at weight reduction, the evidence does suggest that it may be equally effective. Nevertheless, the International Society of Sports Nutritionists, in their Position Stand on the effects of diets on body composition, suggest the KD holds little benefit over higher CHO diets, with one notable exception; KD may enhance appetite control (1).
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