While the ketogenic diet may sound “new,” it actually parallels the way many of our ancestors ate, before the advent of agriculture allowed for the domestication of staple crops like wheat and corn. Before the widespread emergence of these crops into the modern diet, which are high in carbohydrates and sugar (particularly in their most processed forms), our ancestors ate a wide variety of wild plants and animals and much less carbohydrate or sugar. This diet, naturally lower in carbohydrate, forced our ancestors’ bodies to burn fat for fuel as opposed to carbohydrates — the core goal of the ketogenic diet.


I have been reading all the above comments about the gluten verse other ingredients. As a pastry chef, the information that has been missing here is that not only is gluten a protein, it is also the “elastic” that holds the pasta together. 80% of the proteins in flour are called glutenin and gladin. When combined with liquid, they form the elastic substance called gluten.
Keto low carb: less than 20 grams of carbs per day. This level will be ketogenic for most people — if protein intake remains moderate. In our keto recipes, less than 4 per cent of its total energy is coming from carbs, and the rest will come from protein and fat. In keto recipes we also keep the protein level moderate, as excess protein can be converted to glucose in your body. See note* below.
Maintaining a state of ketosis is as simple as following the same dietary parameters that got the body into that state in the first place. If you limit carbohydrates and sugars in your diet, your body will opt to burn the healthy fats you consume for energy. However, when cutting carbs from your diet it is very important to focus on limiting net carbs, which is simply the number of grams of total carbohydrates in a portion of food minus the grams of fiber. Constipation is a very common issue for new adherents to the ketogenic diet, and it is caused by foregoing fiber in an attempt to limit total carbohydrates. So to prevent constipation from derailing your ketogenic diet, simply make sure you consume adequate levels of fiber!
But I just made some biscuits from an old cooking book, which had Almonds grounded (so I just used my almond flour) & I switched sugar for some xylitol & then thought I’d use the Coconut flour in place of ordinary Plain Flour! I did it cup for cup, so it was 2/3 cup……remembered about needing more liquid, so I added an egg (receipt already had 150g butter, which I put in 160g) They taste nice, but I think maybe I should have reduced the coconut flour, after reading your points, or added another egg, or more butter, what would you do? They also have an almond on top. thanks, Pam
Snacking on the keto diet is a must, you need a little something to help get you through to dinner, just make sure it’s low carb. Keto meal prep can be a huge benefit because you can make low carb snacks in bulk and have them ready for the entire week, like my crispy and cheesy cauliflower tots. Bread is now a possibility for a keto diet snack, thanks to my wife's incredible keto fat bread recipe, you gotta try this for sandwiches and for schmearing on almond butter or cream cheese.
On a ketogenic diet, your entire body switches its fuel supply to run mostly on fat, burning fat 24-7. When insulin levels become very low, fat burning can increase dramatically. It becomes easier to access your fat stores to burn them off. This is great if you’re trying to lose weight, but there are also other less obvious benefits, such as less hunger and a steady supply of energy. This may help keep you alert and focused.
The main limitations of our study are its small sample size, short duration, and lack of control group. That the main outcome, hemoglobin A1c, improved significantly despite the small sample size and short duration of follow-up speaks to the dramatic and consistent effect of the LCKD on glycemia. For other effects, however, such as the rises in serum LDL and HDL cholesterol, the small sample size might be the reason statistical significance was not reached. Future studies of larger samples and containing a control group are needed to better address questions about the effect of the LCKD on serum lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes.
The most commonly known and used nut flour is almond flour, and it is one of the most versatile low carb ingredients. Almond flour can differ greatly between brands in terms of how finely ground it is, so you need to know what to look for. The finest almond flours are made from blanched almonds and have no darker specks of skin. Almond “meal” is often not nearly so finely ground and may or may not contain the husks of the almonds. The finer the grind of the almond flour, the finer the consistency of your baked goods. However, more coarsely ground meals are often less expensive and are still useful in things that don’t require a fine texture, such as muffins.
With all of the new low-carb food products hitting the marking lately, you may be wondering if it is really worth it to make your own keto-friendly baked goods. Unfortunately, many “keto-friendly” products have been found to contain more net carbs and a bigger impact on insulin secretion than indicated by the packaging. For this reason, one ready-made “keto cookie” can kick you out of ketosis, even if the label says “only with four net carbs.”
To replace 1 egg, mix 1 tbsp ground flax meal with 3 tbsp of water and allow it to swell. This can be used to replace the eggs but it will not give to properties that eggs do. Eggs help bind the ingredients, eggs help the baking become light, fluffy and rise. Eggs help emulsify the mixture. This formula is used in many vegan recipes or those who are allergic to eggs. If a recipe is heavily based on eggs, this substitution will not work. 

Basically, carbohydrates are the primary source of energy production in body tissues. When the body is deprived of carbohydrates due to reducing intake to less than 50g per day, insulin secretion is significantly reduced and the body enters a catabolic state. Glycogen stores deplete, forcing the body to go through certain metabolic changes. Two metabolic processes come into action when there is low carbohydrate availability in body tissues: gluconeogenesis and ketogenesis.

If you are trying to get the kids to eat healthier and not rely on sugary cereals you might find this keto one will win them over. It has a great texture from the nuts and seeds and has a sweet warming flavor from the cinnamon and sweetener. This cereal is great with your choice of milk or can be made a bit more filling by adding in some fresh berries.


After the 1st time I started making these i started making it as a cake using a small casserole dish cutting into 8 pieces, without the sugar/cinnamon topping. I tried monk fruit sugar and love it (new at Costco in Seattle) I also used 2% milk (all I had on-hand). I’ve made several batches and theres been some on the counter for 2 weeks now. My husband and I love having a treat we can grab on the go.
The brain is composed of a network of neurons that transmit signals by propagating nerve impulses. The propagation of this impulse from one neuron to another is typically controlled by neurotransmitters, though there are also electrical pathways between some neurons. Neurotransmitters can inhibit impulse firing (primarily done by γ-aminobutyric acid, or GABA) or they can excite the neuron into firing (primarily done by glutamate). A neuron that releases inhibitory neurotransmitters from its terminals is called an inhibitory neuron, while one that releases excitatory neurotransmitters is an excitatory neuron. When the normal balance between inhibition and excitation is significantly disrupted in all or part of the brain, a seizure can occur. The GABA system is an important target for anticonvulsant drugs, since seizures may be discouraged by increasing GABA synthesis, decreasing its breakdown, or enhancing its effect on neurons.[7]
Maintaining a healthy weight has never been easy for me. I’ve struggled with sugar addiction and weight gain since I was a teen. You can read about my whole journey here and see Before pics as well. But since I’ve been low carb over the last 4 years I’ve been able to easily maintain my weight. Now with keto, I’m hoping to change my body even more. I may not lose “pounds” but just seeing these results shows the scale number is just one measurement and to me the body fat number is more important.
I just made these and followed the advice of another comment. I added a scoop of vanilla whey protein and a scoop of sour cream. I did not have a donut pan so used my regular sized muffin tins. I buttered the tins very generously. I filled half full and it made 10. I shortened the baking time to 13 minutes which was perfect. I made a glaze of heavy whipping cream and powdered swerve for half and the cinnamon sugar combination for the other half. They are fabulous!

 hi . i need to start keto. my macros are 17 gram carb , 113 grams fat and 68 grams protein . i have looked at many recipes . i have tried to make a personal meal plan for myself . im struggling big time to get it all to telly.  In a day , should only the carbs balance out ? By that I mean the meals I’m having for breakfast lunch and dinner should all add up to 17 grams of carbs but then my fat amount goes a bit higher and the protein I can’t get to only 68 grams.  I have looked at diet doctor recipes and it’s all mind boggling.  I don’t know how to plan my meals . Can you please give me suggestions and advice ?
Normal dietary fat contains mostly long-chain triglycerides (LCTs). Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are more ketogenic than LCTs because they generate more ketones per unit of energy when metabolised. Their use allows for a diet with a lower proportion of fat and a greater proportion of protein and carbohydrate,[18] leading to more food choices and larger portion sizes.[4] The original MCT diet developed by Peter Huttenlocher in the 1970s derived 60% of its calories from MCT oil.[15] Consuming that quantity of MCT oil caused abdominal cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting in some children. A figure of 45% is regarded as a balance between achieving good ketosis and minimising gastrointestinal complaints. The classical and modified MCT ketogenic diets are equally effective and differences in tolerability are not statistically significant.[9] The MCT diet is less popular in the United States; MCT oil is more expensive than other dietary fats and is not covered by insurance companies.[18]

The ketogenic diet is an incredibly powerful tool that can be wonderfully effective in treating a variety of health issues facing modern society. By allowing the body to burn fat for fuel, the ketogenic diet can not only lead to sustainable weight loss, but it actually pushes the body to use an alternative and potentially superior fuel source. If you are just starting a ketogenic diet, use the tips outlined above and stick with it; it can be a challenging transition, but there are many, many benefits of long-term adherence to this diet.


This is the best keto bread recipe out there, in my opinion. I make it every week. The psyllium husk is brilliant and really makes this like more traditional bread. I add a TBL of swerve to help counter any egg taste too. Comes out great every time. Sometimes I add cheddar cheese and that’s delicious too! I love this bread. Thank you for sharing the recipe! It’s a winner!
Hi Judy. Some people can enjoy small amounts of fruit on a low carb keto diet while others can not. I always use fruit as a garnish and stick to 1 ounce at any given time. I choose the smallest fruits I can find because it tricks me into thinking that there is more. If I enjoy a little apple, I make those slices as thin as I can and it probably doesn’t even equate to an 8th of a small apple. If I shared photos of just plain porridge, with a spoon in it, it would not be appetizing to look at. As with everything in life, use common sense and make the decisions that are best for you. I offer subs and ideas in the posts and recipes. Enjoy the recipes. -Kim
First, I want to thank you for all of your dedication and work in providing this site. The difficulty of maintaining a healthy weight is a big problem for so many people. My personal question & issue in staying on Keto is my craving for fresh fruit. This a.m I had a large fresh peach along with my “Bullet Proof” coffee. Have I now sabotaged today’s Keto eating?
Normal dietary fat contains mostly long-chain triglycerides (LCTs). Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are more ketogenic than LCTs because they generate more ketones per unit of energy when metabolised. Their use allows for a diet with a lower proportion of fat and a greater proportion of protein and carbohydrate,[18] leading to more food choices and larger portion sizes.[4] The original MCT diet developed by Peter Huttenlocher in the 1970s derived 60% of its calories from MCT oil.[15] Consuming that quantity of MCT oil caused abdominal cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting in some children. A figure of 45% is regarded as a balance between achieving good ketosis and minimising gastrointestinal complaints. The classical and modified MCT ketogenic diets are equally effective and differences in tolerability are not statistically significant.[9] The MCT diet is less popular in the United States; MCT oil is more expensive than other dietary fats and is not covered by insurance companies.[18]
Hi Maya. I LOVE your site!! Interesting, informative with fab recipes and ideas. Hubby and I have just started eating low carb and I have to say, we are not finding it too difficult and I already feel sooo much better!! I find the hardest part is choosing low carb veg, I feel as if we are not eating enough. Any suggestions on how to get more veggies into our diet?
Hi Cathy, are you adapting these recipes yourself or are they already developed using coconut flour? From experience, it takes a lot of attempts to get it right (but fun too, it brings out the scientist in me). Coconut flour requires a high number of eggs for volume, thickening, protein, binding, and structure. I would be worried if there was too much avocado in there as that is just adding a soft ingredient that gives no structure. The sweet potato would add volume but unless there is enough eggs and coconut flour in the recipe, again it won’t add to the solidity of the final recipe. Psyllium I add purely to get a better crumb texture. It swells and thickens and helps bind all the other ingredients together nicely. Scones – they won’t have risen because of the lack of gluten (yay), but I quite like heavy scones as a personal choice. I started baking using recipes that had already been developed using these low-carb flours, and start by adjusting the flavours only not the ratios of the bulk ingredients. You will soon get the hang of them. Start with my flourless berry sponge, I use these ratios all-the-time! Yum.
Thank you so much for all of this great info! My husband started a Keto plan two weeks ago so I have been researching going Keto for a few weeks now. I figured I’d use him as a guinea pig to test buying food, preparing and cooking meals to see how easy or hard it would be to hit his macros for the day. I decided to start it this week (today is my fourth day) so now I am doubling up on the recipes so there’s enough for the both of us. I am still constantly looking for more recipes and trying to get more comfortable with changing up food so we are not eating the same things everyday. I can’t wait to try the meatloaf since it’s one of my favorite dishes! Thank you again for all the work you put in to sharing this info with others!
Out of 63 comments so far, only 3 people actually said that they tried the recipe, and only one of those rated it. Yet there were 16 other ratings from 3 to 5 stars from folks who didn’t make the recipe but weighed in to ask a question or say some form of “these look great, I’ll have to try this”. And there were 10 questions about using some particular thing or other to replace the gluten, even though it was clearly spelled out from the beginning that nothing could be used as a substitute. Yes, you are a saint, lol!
Protein can turn into carbohydrates via a metabolic process called gluconeogenesis (making new carbs) and will do in people at varying degrees. Protein turning into carbohydrates means you’re not in ketosis. However, this is generally an overblown statement that only happens at the extreme cases when you are drinking a lot of liquid protein shakes. 
Katie, Almond flour is probably the easiest keto-friendly flour for a new cook to work with. It’s very versatile and can be used in recipes for cookies, muffins, breads, scones, cakes, etc. (Of course the ratio of almond flour to other ingredients changes based on what you’re making.) But with that being said, because almond flour doesn’t have gluten, it can be difficult to simulate the soft crumb of regular baked goods unless you combine almond flour with another keto-friendly flour and/or a binding agent. This is why a lot of our recipes call for more than one type of flour. I hope this helps! If you’re looking for a certain recipe in particular please let us know and we’ll try to point you in the right direction!
Yes, I love Dr Berg. It is because of him I found you while searching for sugar-free recipes. I LOVE your recipes and my picky husband and son do as well. My husband was having joint issues and putting on some fat in his middle. Since starting Keto he has trimmed down and has much less joint pain. I feel so much better on a Keto diet. Thinking is more clear, more energy, less body aches and pains and much less fatigue. I have a long way to go. The diversity of your recipes make it so much easier to stick to the Keto lifestyle. I am a big fan and really appreciate your work. 🙂

This may be a silly question, but what brand of Psyllium Husk Powder do you use? I’m looking for one that does not turn the bread purplish. When I clicked on the link next to Psylluim Husk in your recipe, it took me to Amazon. When I read the questions and answers about the product, some people said that it did turn their bread purplish. I have never purchased this product before and made the mistake of buying the orange flavor one. My bread smelled and tasted a bit on the citrus side! LOL
As a clinician, I have recommended the ketogenic diet both as a clinical intervention for patients suffering from a wide variety of ailments as well as a general suggestion for people looking to optimize their cognitive health. And while the diet is relatively easy to follow, there are a number of common misconceptions and lots of outright misinformation that one must be aware of. If you’re looking to incorporate a ketogenic diet into your lifestyle or just wanting to learn more, I’ve compiled a few tips for you here.
Switching to a low-carbohydrate diet doesn't necessarily require sacrificing flavorful Italian meals for bland alternatives. We already know that there are a ton of mouthwatering recipes that use zucchini, squash, and other delicious veggies in place of the traditional flour-made staple. If, however, you don't have the time to chop and spiralize your main ingredients, fear not: There's a low-carb pasta substitute for every type of dish.
OMG these are out of this world! I did the same recipe except I didn’t add the cinnamon. I added orange zest and cranberries. I did a cream cheese icing with swerve and more orange zest. Absolutely wonderful. Thank you for your recipe! I’m happy I can make that occasional treat to curb off those sweet craving without completely falling off the keto wagon.
Merra G, Miranda R, Barrucco S, Gualtieri P, Mazza M, Moriconi E, Marchetti M, Chang TF, De Lorenzo A, Di Renzo L. Very-low-calorie ketogenic diet with aminoacid supplement versus very low restricted-calorie diet for preserving muscle mass during weight loss: a pilot double-blind study. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016 Jul;20(12):2613-21. [PubMed: 27383313]
Recently, many of my patients have been asking about a ketogenic diet. Is a ketogenic diet safe? Would you recommend it? Despite the recent hype, a ketogenic diet is not something new. In medicine, we have been using it for almost 100 years to treat drug-resistant epilepsy, especially in children. In the 1970s, Dr. Atkins popularized his very-low-carbohydrate diet for weight loss that began with a very strict two-week ketogenic phase. Over the years, other fad diets incorporated a similar approach for weight loss.

According to the Institute of Medicine, women should get 21 to 25 grams of fiber a day and men 30 to 38 grams a day, so it behooves you to know where the big numbers are. And, it turns out, lots of those big numbers are in foods that are naturals for the most important meal of the day—breakfast. Use the morning meal to jump-start your fiber intake and you'll find the recommended amount becoming a realistic goal.
This is a good low carb substitute for regular flour. I made pizza dough first using my regular (almost) recipe with a little added flaxseed flour to decrease the carbs more; ugh, not good. I am not a health nut. Then I used straight Carbalose with two times as much dry yeast, a packet of stevia, salt and water. I let it proof for ab out 15 minutes then added more Carbalose until the moisture and flour combination felt right. I let it mix in my mixer a few minutes and let it sit until it bulked up by about 1/3 (Watch it carefully, after a while it deflates.). Patted it out to the thickness I wanted, topped it, and put it on a 500 degree pizza stone. Success ! Almost as good as regular flour. Simple but good. Next ... full review
Short-term results for the LGIT indicate that at one month approximately half of the patients experience a greater than 50% reduction in seizure frequency, with overall figures approaching that of the ketogenic diet. The data (coming from one centre's experience with 76 children up to the year 2009) also indicate fewer side effects than the ketogenic diet and that it is better tolerated, with more palatable meals.[18][50]
Hi Cyn, The numbers are general guidelines but will vary depending on many factors, such as activity level, insulin resistance, weight and more. There is no single magic number, just conventional recommendations that are a good starting point. I will have a macro calculator coming soon that will help determine what is best for each person, but even then it’s an approximation. The only way to know for sure is to test. If keto is your goal, it’s usually best to start lower and then see if you can stay in ketosis when increasing.
Then on the nutrition label, it reads, Low carb. Also the nutrition label does not list as a category, the carb count. All nutrition labels that read “Low Carb” would have a line item for the carbs, even if its <1g. Although, I personally have never seen a label that reads Low Carb as part of the nutrition label it's self, maybe in the ad area though.
It took me a long time to find you but your website has been a huge blessing. My husband is a diabetic and I didn’t know what to do to handle this. He also loves desserts which was a real challenge. I could find lots of paleo sites but they all use honey or maple syrup which is still sugar and not good for a diabetic. So here you are and everything you do is perfect for us. I think you are a genius. And you have sooooo enhanced my life. Thank you so much for being here and sharing. Please don’t ever go away!
Hi Roseanne. It can be hard to start especially when stressed out. Here is an idea to help you ease into a low carb lifestyle. First, know that I am not a nutritionist nor a doctor. There were times I thought I would go out of my mind without a piece of low carb cheesecake in the morning. I’m not a big egg eater and that saved my life until I found how easy quiches were to make and how much I loved them. If you are craving something, eat something – as long as it is low carb. There were days I ate all day long – there were also days I ate very little. For me it was all or nothing. Cheat days didn’t work for me because they brought back cravings. If you are stressed out and need something sweet – make a protein smoothie with ice (look at my smoothie bowl recipe). It is much better to go a little over your calories and carbs than to have a pig out. I hope these simple ideas help. Have a wonderful week and good luck. -Kim
The primary outcome, hemoglobin A1c, decreased from 7.5 ± 1.4% at baseline to 6.3 ± 1.0% at week 16 (p < 0.001), a 1.2% absolute decrease and a 16% relative decrease (Table ​(Table4).4). All but two participants (n = 19 or 90%) had a decrease in hemoglobin A1c (Figure ​(Figure1).1). The absolute decrease in hemoglobin A1c was at least 1.0% in 11 (52%) participants. The relative decrease in hemoglobin A1c from baseline was greater than 10% in 14 (67%) participants, and greater than 20% in 6 (29%) participants. In regression analyses, the change in hemoglobin A1c was not predicted by the change in body weight, waist circumference, or percent body fat at 16 weeks (all p > 0.05).
Out of 63 comments so far, only 3 people actually said that they tried the recipe, and only one of those rated it. Yet there were 16 other ratings from 3 to 5 stars from folks who didn’t make the recipe but weighed in to ask a question or say some form of “these look great, I’ll have to try this”. And there were 10 questions about using some particular thing or other to replace the gluten, even though it was clearly spelled out from the beginning that nothing could be used as a substitute. Yes, you are a saint, lol!
After going low-carb, I was resigned to never eating a satisfactory brownie ever again. And then... I made these brownies. Holy smokes! I followed the directions on the back for the fudgy brownies and they were everything I wanted in a brownie (basically a low carb version of what I used to get from those Gihardelli high carb mixes from Costco) AND sugar free/low carb!
As a newbie to Keto, and after perusing many Keto websites, I find yours to be the most satisfying in many ways. Your recipes are down to earth desirable substitutes for the things we hate most to switch from in a regular diet. And I was thrilled to see your breakdown of the carb friendly items in these easy to use tables. It is very difficult at first to dial in the macro percentages needed daily, because one might focus on a low carb item, to add for the day, only to find out that the protein blows your schedule. So tables are a very concise and effective snapshot of what one might add in any meal segment. I would love to see similar tables reflecting the protein in different food groups and also one reflecting sugars. With those three printed out and in front of me, it would be a lot easier to navigate the landscape. Thanks for the time and effort you put into this.
Elisabeth Almekinder, a certified CDE and expert in Diabetes Self-Management Education Program, grew up in a small town in the piedmont of NC. During her time at St. Andrews Presbyterian College, she developed a love of writing and obtained a BA in English. After obtaining her nursing degree, her first job out of school was on the vascular surgery floor, where she saw many people with diabetes lose their limbs. She worked as an RN for 22 years in public health in South Carolina. In her spare time away from educating people about diabetes, she continues her passion by writing about diabetes.
These products all tend to differ a lot between different brands which unfortunately makes low-carb baking a bit tricky. For example, some brands of ground psyllium husk powder color the dough purple. It doesn’t seem to affect the taste but makes the outcome a bit more… purple. The amount of carbs in almond and coconut flour can also vary quite a bit between different brands. Read the labels and choose the best one available.

I use it to make crepes, which are like thin pancakes. I’ve never used it for pasta. If I were making low carb pasta, I would use my Sprouted Low Carb Flour Mix. It has more carbs per cup than this mix, but it has real wheat and white (sprouted) flours in it, so will be more like real pasta. If you are celiac, you can’t use that mix. If you are gluten-sensitive, you can try small amounts and see how it does for you since many people who can’t tolerate gluten (note: not those with celiac) can use sprouted flours okay. Let me now if you make pasta with that sprouted mix! I’d love to hear your results.
I’m excited to try these 🙂 Love pasta but am low carb, so these look perfect. I have a suggestion for cutting – try using an herb cutting wheel (herb mincer), this would give long, thin pieces and uniform too. I also have a question – can I use a hand or stick blender? I have a Vitamix but hate that I always have to leave some bits behind b/c I can’t get it all out from the bottom (but I see the batter is thin, so this might not be a problem?)
All cold cereals are going to have some carbs in them. The key is to avoid simple carbohydrates, such as those found in processed grains like corn flakes or any old-school cereal made with refined white flour and a ton of sugar. The health organization Diabetes UK recommends choosing a cereal based on whole wheat, oats or bran. In addition to eating whole grain cereals, you also need to avoid excess added sugar such as high fructose corn syrup. The Center for Young Women's Health suggests that you choose a cereal that contains fewer than 8 grams of sugar per serving. Dried fruit counts as added sugar, so pay attention to the ingredient list. You can always purchase unsweetened cereal and add fresh fruit as a sweetener, because the vitamins, minerals and antioxidant benefits of fresh fruit outweigh the natural sugars.
As a newbie to Keto, and after perusing many Keto websites, I find yours to be the most satisfying in many ways. Your recipes are down to earth desirable substitutes for the things we hate most to switch from in a regular diet. And I was thrilled to see your breakdown of the carb friendly items in these easy to use tables. It is very difficult at first to dial in the macro percentages needed daily, because one might focus on a low carb item, to add for the day, only to find out that the protein blows your schedule. So tables are a very concise and effective snapshot of what one might add in any meal segment. I would love to see similar tables reflecting the protein in different food groups and also one reflecting sugars. With those three printed out and in front of me, it would be a lot easier to navigate the landscape. Thanks for the time and effort you put into this.

Carbohydrates are used to make glycogen, which is required for muscle function. The difference between this and common meal plans is the amount of carb intake is limited to enough for the glycogen production of a normal person. Not every carbohydrate is created equal. Sugar alcohols don’t affect most people’s blood sugar levels. Nor does most fiber. A keto eater is interested in net carbs, figured by total carbohydrate minus fiber minus sugar alcohols.


Hi James, One of the best things about a low carb or keto diet is you probably won’t be hungry. It’s a very satiating lifestyle. As for calories, they still matter, but whether you need to count or not varies from person to person. Some people succeed by just eating low carb or keto foods, others need to be more strict and count. If you want to find out the right amounts for you, check the macro calculator.
In contrast with standard pastas, the nutritional profile of low-carb pastas varies widely from brand to brand. There are options made using black beans, edamame, chickpeas, and other beans. Legume-based noodles may have a slightly higher carb count, but they contain a good amount of fiber and protein to keep you full and energized. Shirataki noodles are made using the root of the Asian konjac plant and are virtually calorie-free. They don't, however, offer as much of a nutritional kick as other options.
I needed a break from breakfast chia pudding, and I found this lovely recipe. I’ve been craving sugary cereals since I started Keto. I made this the night before and had it the next morning. This was everything I wanted and more, and also super simple to make. Mine weren’t as crunchy as I’d hoped (were still soft and cookie-like next day), but were still amazing! Probably because I stored them in the fridge overnight. Either way, delicious and nutritious and took me back to Cinnamon Toast Crunch, so 10/10!!
Regular flour is made from wheat and grains, both of which have high amounts of carbohydrates. To make a similar flour with fewer carbohydrates, different sources — sources considered low-carb — are used. These sources typically include nuts such as almonds and walnuts, seeds such as flax seed, and legumes such as peanuts and soy. Wheat also can be used as low-carb flour, but only if the wheat section containing the protein is used and nothing else.
Hi Krystal, I haven’t tried a sweet version of this bread. Honey wouldn’t be low carb, so just keep that in mind. Adding a sweetener should work, but other ingredients would need to be adjusted. You may need a little more of the wet ingredients if using a granulated sweetener, or a little more almond flour if using a liquid sweetener. If you try adding something, let me know how it turned out for you!
Diet is the most important lifestyle factor for weight loss. In order to effect significant loss of weight it is necessary to create a consistent caloric deficit. This has the rather obvious side effect of leaving individuals feeling hungry and as though they are in a constant state of deprivation. Dieting is based upon this basic concept, which is the most likely reason why dieting is very likely to fail in the long-term. The ketogenic diet, while controversial and a highly polarizing subject, has demonstrated promise as an alternative dietary strategy for weight management. The KD may hold an advantage over traditional calorie-restricted diets, in that nutritional ketosis may enhance appetite control, and subsequently improve dietary adherence and long-term success. Nevertheless, the KD should be approached with caution, as there are both short- and long-term potential negative side effects. More research into this unique dietary strategy is warranted to fully investigate all potentially positive and negative aspects.
In contrast with standard pastas, the nutritional profile of low-carb pastas varies widely from brand to brand. There are options made using black beans, edamame, chickpeas, and other beans. Legume-based noodles may have a slightly higher carb count, but they contain a good amount of fiber and protein to keep you full and energized. Shirataki noodles are made using the root of the Asian konjac plant and are virtually calorie-free. They don't, however, offer as much of a nutritional kick as other options.
Although many hypotheses have been put forward to explain how the ketogenic diet works, it remains a mystery. Disproven hypotheses include systemic acidosis (high levels of acid in the blood), electrolyte changes and hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose).[19] Although many biochemical changes are known to occur in the brain of a patient on the ketogenic diet, it is not known which of these has an anticonvulsant effect. The lack of understanding in this area is similar to the situation with many anticonvulsant drugs.[56]
A well-formulated ketogenic diet, besides limiting carbohydrates, also limits protein intake moderately to less than 1g/lb body weight, unless individuals are performing heavy exercise involving weight training when the protein intake can be increased to 1.5g/lb body weight. This is to prevent the endogenous production of glucose in the body via gluconeogenesis. However, it does not restrict fat or overall daily calories. People on a ketogenic diet initially experience rapid weight loss up to 10 lbs in 2 weeks or less. This diet has a diuretic effect, and some early weight loss is due to water weight loss followed by a fat loss. Interestingly with this diet plan, lean body muscle is largely spared. As a nutritional ketosis state sustains, hunger pangs subside, and an overall reduction in caloric intake helps to further weight loss.
You can grind almost any nut to obtain a flour-like consistency and use it to reduce the carb content of your recipes. Walnut meal, for example, can be used in many recipes that call for almond flour. Other nut flours that you can experiment with are hazelnut meal, pecan meal, macadamia nut meal, and pistachio meal. Each one will provide your baked goods with a unique flavor, so choose wisely.

^ Freeman JM, Vining EP, Pillas DJ, Pyzik PL, Casey JC, Kelly LM. The efficacy of the ketogenic diet—1998: a prospective evaluation of intervention in 150 children. Pediatrics. 1998 Dec;102(6):1358–63. doi:10.1542/peds.102.6.1358. PMID 9832569. https://web.archive.org/web/20040629224858/http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/press/1998/DECEMBER/981207.HTM Lay summary]—JHMI Office of Communications and Public Affairs. Updated 7 December 1998. Cited 6 March 2008.
A systematic review in 2018 looked at 16 studies on the ketogenic diet in adults. It concluded that the treatment was becoming more popular for that group of patients, that the efficacy in adults was similar to children, the side effects relatively mild. However, many patients gave up with the diet, for various reasons, and the quality of evidence inferior to studies on children. Health issues include high levels of low-density lipoprotein, high total cholesterol, and weight loss.[24]
Check the nutrition labels on all your products to see if they’re high in carbs. There are hidden carbs in the unlikeliest of places (like ketchup and canned soups). Try to avoid buying products with dozens of incomprehensible ingredients. Less is usually healthier.Always check the serving sizes against the carb counts. Manufacturers can sometimes recommend inconceivably small serving sizes to seemingly reduce calorie and carb numbers.
Carbohydrate: Most of what determines how ketogenic a diet is will depend on how much carbohydrate is eaten, as well the individual's metabolism and activity level. A diet of less than 50 or 60 grams of net (effective) carbohydrate per day is generally ketogenic. Some sources say to consume no more than 20 grams of carbohydrates per day, while others cite up to 50 grams, and many recommend no more than 5 percent of calories from carbs. However, athletes and people with healthy metabolisms may be able to eat 100 or more grams of net carbohydrate in a day and maintain a desired level of ketosis. At the same time, an older sedentary person with Type 2 diabetes may have to eat less than 30 net grams to achieve the same level.
I remember years ago loving the Monterey Chicken at Chili’s Restaurant Grill & Bar. Then, they took it off the menu, and it has been just a distant memory ever since. Since starting Keto, I have thought about making a keto friendly version. In fact, I did post a very lazy crockpot version of the recipe that is keto friendly/low carb, which is delicious, but I missed the skillet version like Chili’s Restaurant.
The trick to working with coconut flour is accepting the fact that it requires a lot of eggs to give it structure and a decent consistency. It can be a little shocking to see half a dozen to a dozen eggs in a recipe, but as you try it out, you will see that it works. The end results are rarely too eggy or rubbery. You will also be surprised to see how little coconut flour is used in most recipes. It’s incredibly dense, but expands remarkably with the added eggs and liquid, so you typically only need about a third of the amount you would need with conventional flour or nut flours.
A systematic review in 2018 looked at 16 studies on the ketogenic diet in adults. It concluded that the treatment was becoming more popular for that group of patients, that the efficacy in adults was similar to children, the side effects relatively mild. However, many patients gave up with the diet, for various reasons, and the quality of evidence inferior to studies on children. Health issues include high levels of low-density lipoprotein, high total cholesterol, and weight loss.[24]
This paleo low carb bread recipe with almond flour came about somewhat by accident during my Sunday meal planning. Lately I’ve been making the flattened version of my 4-ingredient almond flour biscuits to use for sandwiches each week, but since I’ve been wanting to create an almond flour bread recipe, last weekend I decided to attempt that instead.
Creaming the butter properly with the sweeter is paramount here to build a nice structure for the cookies (think rise and crunch!). And creaming with sweetener, in case you haven’t done it before, takes a bit longer to incorporate than with good-old sugar. But don’t give up, and keep going until you’ve got the sweetener well incorporated into soft and fluffy butter.
Natural fat, high-fat sauces – Most of the calories on a keto diet should come from fat. You’ll likely get much of it from natural sources like meat, fish, eggs etc. But also use fat in cooking, like butter or coconut fat, and add plenty of olive oil to salads etc. You can also eat delicious high-fat sauces including Bearnaise sauce etc., or garlic butter (recipes).
Thanks for this article. I just started a Keto diet so found it appropriate to my current lifestyle. Though I don’t believe your bottom line is strong enough since you simply stating that the diet is “hard to follow” and food is “notoriously unhealthy” without evidence going deeper into why those “notoriously unhealthy” foods are worse than keeping carbohydrate-heavy food that are addictive and give the body a quick sugar high for energy. I believe “hard to follow” is your opinion only, since acceptable Keto foods are found at all restaurants easily and also all grocery stores. All the foods you mention: “rich in very colorful fruits and vegetables, lean meats, fish, whole grains, nuts, seeds, olive oil, and lots of water” are all Keto-friendly. Many people have been on a Keto-diet for years. A healthy lifestyle is a healthy mindset change and making right choices – it’s not going to be easy.
Brown rice flour should be stone ground in order to preserve the natural whole grain of the rice. It’s got carbohydrates, though. You knew rice would have carbohydrates, and even with brown rice in flour form, it carb city. Total carbohydrates in this flour are up to about 60.5, with net carbohydrates a little lower at 57. The GI index isn’t bad at the lower midlevel at 62. It’s going to raise some blood sugars, though.
Shirataki noodles are available in many shapes -- spaghetti, fettucini, macaroni -- and can be purchased plain. Products like Miracle Noodle and NoOodle Noodles sell this type, which tends to be extra-slippery, nutritionally void (they are mostly made up of water) and close to calorie-free. Other brands, like House Foods and Nasoya's Pasta Zero blend the yam flour with tofu or chickpeas, which adds just a few calories and grams of carbohydrates and fiber.

I began my low carb diet (around 50 net per day) almost 3 months ago. I have only lost 2 lbs. I need to lose at least 30. I am 62 years old and in good health. Everything I have read leads me to believe that I am doing everything correctly. I even make my own Keto bagels! What do you think could be the issue? I tried going down to less than 20 carbs but I just cannot do it. Thanks for any help you can provide.


I too have been following you for a long time, trying your recipes and loving most of them. I am 4 days into the keto diet. I have not looked at the scale yet, but I kinda feel like my clothes fit a bit better. I am not in ketosis though…I was glad to hear that it took you a bit longer to get there so I don’t feel like I am doing it wrong. I am 62 and 5 foot 2 and I just can’t seem to keep my protein low enough. Too much meat I am guessing. I am trying to stay at 1330 calories, 105 grams of fat, 20 carbs, and 76 protein. I am very interested in learning what you eat in your typical meals for the day. I use the free version of My fitness pal.
^ Freeman JM, Vining EP, Pillas DJ, Pyzik PL, Casey JC, Kelly LM. The efficacy of the ketogenic diet—1998: a prospective evaluation of intervention in 150 children. Pediatrics. 1998 Dec;102(6):1358–63. doi:10.1542/peds.102.6.1358. PMID 9832569. https://web.archive.org/web/20040629224858/http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/press/1998/DECEMBER/981207.HTM Lay summary]—JHMI Office of Communications and Public Affairs. Updated 7 December 1998. Cited 6 March 2008.
While there are many almond-flour pastas advertised as low carb, be sure to triple-check the label. Many brands contain more carbohydrates than you’d believe. Al Dente Carba Nada contains over 24 grams of total carbohydrates, or 17 grams net carbs[*]. Fiber Gourmet, also advertised as low carb, contains over 40 grams of total carbohydrates per serving and 3 grams of sugar[*].

A keto diet has shown to improve triglyceride levels and cholesterol levels most associated with arterial buildup. More specifically low-carb, high-fat diets show a dramatic increase in HDL and decrease in LDL particle concentration compared to low-fat diets.3A study in the long-term effects of a ketogenic diet shows a significant reduction in cholesterol levels, body weight, and blood glucose. Read more on keto and cholesterol >
You can definitely do keto without eggs. For a while I just did bulletproof coffee for breakfast which is super filling. But I have my 2 minute english muffin you might like. And my Crock pot granola is fantastic too with unsweetened almond milk. I love all veggies but I did have to cut way back in order to not go over my 20 net carbs. I just make sure to enjoy different veggies each day so I don’t feel like I’m missing out.
I am post menopause and I did lose about 40 lbs. Then I stalled and stalled. I was too hot all the time and was having sleep issues. I added more carbs and was better. I attempted keto/ low carb again in January. Two weeks in I had the same symptoms. It is not uncommon. It works well for some but not for me and a few of the other women at my gym. I liked what I was eating and I stuck to it through the stall but no. With the guidance of my trainer I have modified it, lost weight and feel great. Sleep helps!
Maya, Thank You so much for this recipe. I made it as written with your suggestion of 2-3 Tbsp of psyllium husks and I am in heaven! Thank you so much! Being keto has been an amazing thing for me and my health but was truly starting to miss certain foods. This was so good and my family loved it too! Definitely a keeper for me. Thank you again! A quick question- if I halved the coconut oil, would that throw the texture off too much?
Hi Krystal, I haven’t tried a sweet version of this bread. Honey wouldn’t be low carb, so just keep that in mind. Adding a sweetener should work, but other ingredients would need to be adjusted. You may need a little more of the wet ingredients if using a granulated sweetener, or a little more almond flour if using a liquid sweetener. If you try adding something, let me know how it turned out for you!
I recently started using Carbquik and overall, I'm pleased with it. I'm on a low-carb diet, and my dining options have really opened up! So far, I've made cheese biscuits, pizza dough, and pancakes. The pizza dough isn't great, but if you use the right kind of pizza pan and roll it thin enough, it's certainly acceptable and it beats not being able to have pizza at all.
My point here is that the warnings about the ketogenic principles are well taken and well documented. My concern is implications that this is a fad. I don’t use the word diet with my patients and I’m concerned that the principles behind the label and the real results that these readers have commented on might get minimized. I have found it best to encourage patients to read authors like: Stephen Phinney, Jeff Volek, Patricia Daly, and Charles Gant and the be partners with their doctors and check blood work as they move along. I am not for or against the article. If ketogenic principles offer people enduring, satisfying, and cohesive change then why not read about its potential and flexilbity?
I have been on the Atkins diet for the past month and a half (with great results!) But, I am not too crazy about the taste of the Atkins low carb baking mix. I decided to give this one a try, and I am so glad I did! I have read thru some of the other reviews, and for the most part, it was given high marks. I'd like to add to that five star rating by saying how much easier it is to use. No clumping, no harsh after taste, and I love the whole grain flavor! The pancakes are awesome, and its good to be able to have them again! You feel satisfied on a very small amount of anything made with this product, and remain comfortably full, which helps you avoid 'picking' in between meals. Highly recommend!

I was soo excited to get a bowl of cereal, only to discover I bought sweetened vanilla almond milk by mistake! My granola did not stick together, though it tasted so good! I did not add a sweetener and my pumpkin seeds and almonds we’re salted. Will try with sweetener next time. Like you, I kept snacking from the container! Ended up eating 1/2 cup of granola with 1/4 cup of the almond milk. I doubled the almonds and pecans, then added a small bag of sliced almonds and. Pumpkin seeds. Didn’t have golden flax meal, so put ground flax seed. Would have been even better had I bought some mixed nuts! Will have to refigure the macros, as I am mostly eating almonds, but I’d say you have a winner! Thank you! Would you consider a 1/2 cup a serving?


The ingredients above are usually quite expensive and might take some experimenting to get the hang of using. The low-carb or keto way of eating by no means require baking. If you don’t miss bread you certainly don’t need to replace it with a low-carb version but if you do miss bread or maybe just miss the baking itself the recipes below might be of interest to you.
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