The central aim of the ketogenic diet is to push the body into a state of ketosis, where metabolism shifts from burning carbohydrates as the primary energy source to fat, or “ketone bodies.” These ketones are a special type of fat that serve as cellular “superfuel.” In order to achieve ketosis, one must consume a diet high in healthy fats and dramatically lower in sugar and carbohydrates. This allows blood sugar to drop to the point that glucose is significantly less available to the body to burn as a source of fuel. In the absence of glucose, the body shifts its focus to ketones for energy production. Ketosis not only burns fat—which supports weight loss and BMI reduction if in a calorie deficit—it also transitions the body’s energy source to what clearly turns out to be a better fuel. In fact, energy derived from burning fat is associated with a remarkable reduction in the amount of damaging free radicals in the body, in comparison to burning sugar.
With just 4g of carbs, this pasta, made from hearts of palm, is a plant-based pasta substitute you may not have heard about before. Palmini is low in calories, high in fiber, gluten free, and looks more like traditional pasta than some other alternatives. It can be purchased canned or in pouches. While you can eat it straight from the package, it also cooks up well—keeping its pasta-like consistency.
I think these are unbelievable! This is actually the first time I've written a review on Amazon, but I feel like I have to with these. I am trying to do a low carb/low cal diet to lose about 30 pounds, and have a huge weakness for pasta. I have tried Shirataki noodles, spaghetti squash, skipping the pasta altogether and just making veggies with sauce, and this is BY FAR the best way to quench my craving for pasta.

Crazy right though? I just can’t even believe it for myself until I see this picture of my mid section! I’m truly in shock how it was just 2.4 pounds I lost in 6 weeks and just a half percent in body fat. But clearly the keto diet produces results. I feel better. I look leaner and more toned and I’m just motivated to continue on even though I’m not one of those people who have lost a crazy amount of weight in a short time. I’m in it for the health benefits I mentioned above, but also I’m feeling pretty darn good in my size 6 pair of jeans!


Hello there. Thanks for sharing this recipe. I am sooo excited to try it. In fact, I have just ordered some almond flour. I have a question regarding eggs. The recipe calls for four. Can I use two instead, and substitute with flax eggs for the other two? I have a lot of flax in my cupboard and I am looking for creative ways to use it up. Also, it is nice to be able to utilise ingredients already in my cupboard. I am trying to get out of the habit of buying new ingredients for everything new recipe I want to try. Anyway, looking forward to your response. Thank you.
A systematic review in 2018 looked at 16 studies on the ketogenic diet in adults. It concluded that the treatment was becoming more popular for that group of patients, that the efficacy in adults was similar to children, the side effects relatively mild. However, many patients gave up with the diet, for various reasons, and the quality of evidence inferior to studies on children. Health issues include high levels of low-density lipoprotein, high total cholesterol, and weight loss.[24]

Natural fat, high-fat sauces – Most of the calories on a keto diet should come from fat. You’ll likely get much of it from natural sources like meat, fish, eggs etc. But also use fat in cooking, like butter or coconut fat, and add plenty of olive oil to salads etc. You can also eat delicious high-fat sauces including Bearnaise sauce etc., or garlic butter (recipes).
The keto diet focuses on eating foods that are low in carbohydrates and high in fat. It is very similar to the Atkins diet, but doesn’t not allow for as much protein. By eating a diet low in carbs and high in fat you are able to put your body into a metabolic state called ketosis. To properly follow the keto diet, you need to educate yourself on which foods are keto diet friendly and plan on making meals at home. It’s almost impossible to eat out at restaurants on the keto diet because they use sugar and starches in almost everything. Meal prep while on the keto diet is a must, so make sure to check on all of my keto diet meal plan ideas to get you inspired.
Since your carbohydrate intake will be restricted, you'll have to rely more on healthy fats, like nuts, seeds, and avocados, for energy. You can also use oil, butter, and nut butters in your cooking to enhance the flavor and richness of dishes. In general, an appropriate serving of healthy fat is roughly the size of your thumb, though you can safely have a little bit more or less depending on your hunger and energy requirements.

I just made these and followed the advice of another comment. I added a scoop of vanilla whey protein and a scoop of sour cream. I did not have a donut pan so used my regular sized muffin tins. I buttered the tins very generously. I filled half full and it made 10. I shortened the baking time to 13 minutes which was perfect. I made a glaze of heavy whipping cream and powdered swerve for half and the cinnamon sugar combination for the other half. They are fabulous!

Shirataki Noodles: There are people who like this pasta, but I don’t know many of them. You probably should try it yourself just in case you’re one of those few who likes them. With essentially zero calories, carbs, fat, or protein (in other words: void of nutrition whatsoever), these “noodles” are made with yam flour (konnyaku) and water. There are a variety of brands and you can find them just about everywhere these days. In your grocery store, you’ll probably find them within the produce section. Even stranger is that they are packaged in a bag full of water. What’s the downside to a pasta that has basically zero carbs? They smell gross. They taste gross. The texture is gross. Ick. You’re encouraged to rinse them thoroughly in an effort to rid them of their funky taste and smell, but I found that no amount of rinsing was good enough. If you’re someone who does like these noodles, please let us know how you managed to make them edible!
So imagine my delight, as an adult, every time I get to pour a bowl of keto friendly cereal comprised completely of paleo granola clusters that I feel good about! I’m willing to bet that your inner child is going to be just as excited about this homemade sugar-free granola when you try it, too. Paleo cereal can now be a part of your morning routine and I highly recommend a sprinkle of it on keto oatmeal too!
I have spent weeks reading and learning about the Keto diet plan, downloading random recipes that my husband might even try, and have been overwhelmed with all the information. I was pleased to find your system and how organized everything seems to be. The only question I have is will I be able to “temporarily suspend” my subscription if I find there are more recipes than I have time to prepare. I want to only do about 3 per week and repeat them as leftovers, since I have very little time after working a 12-hour shift, to do much cooking. Once I “catch up,” I would reinstate my subscription. Is that an option? Looking forward to trying out your program.
If you're healthy and eating a balanced diet, your body controls how much fat it burns, and you don't normally make or use ketones. But when you cut way back on your calories or carbs, your body will switch to ketosis for energy. It can also happen after exercising for a long time and during pregnancy. For people with uncontrolled diabetes, ketosis is a sign of not using enough insulin.
After initiation, the child regularly visits the hospital outpatient clinic where they are seen by the dietitian and neurologist, and various tests and examinations are performed. These are held every three months for the first year and then every six months thereafter. Infants under one year old are seen more frequently, with the initial visit held after just two to four weeks.[9] A period of minor adjustments is necessary to ensure consistent ketosis is maintained and to better adapt the meal plans to the patient. This fine-tuning is typically done over the telephone with the hospital dietitian[19] and includes changing the number of calories, altering the ketogenic ratio, or adding some MCT or coconut oils to a classic diet.[18] Urinary ketone levels are checked daily to detect whether ketosis has been achieved and to confirm that the patient is following the diet, though the level of ketones does not correlate with an anticonvulsant effect.[19] This is performed using ketone test strips containing nitroprusside, which change colour from buff-pink to maroon in the presence of acetoacetate (one of the three ketone bodies).[45]
These are great additions to the low carb pantry. No need to give up wonderful baked goods and live low carb. I use them all the time. I have also tried many of Carolyn’s recipes that use nut flours and coconut flour. They are awesome! You can easily take them to parties where people are expecting flour-baked goods and fool them. Thank you Carolyn for your many contributions to the low carb lifestyle!
If you’re on the ADA diet, then you need to eat carbohydrates along with fiber so that the sugars are not absorbed too quickly. Here, we’ve taken the guess work out of your cereal choices. You can take this guide and run with it virtually in your pajamas and robe to order the ones that are not found in your grocery store on Amazon using our convenient links above.
Thank you so much for all of this great info! My husband started a Keto plan two weeks ago so I have been researching going Keto for a few weeks now. I figured I’d use him as a guinea pig to test buying food, preparing and cooking meals to see how easy or hard it would be to hit his macros for the day. I decided to start it this week (today is my fourth day) so now I am doubling up on the recipes so there’s enough for the both of us. I am still constantly looking for more recipes and trying to get more comfortable with changing up food so we are not eating the same things everyday. I can’t wait to try the meatloaf since it’s one of my favorite dishes! Thank you again for all the work you put in to sharing this info with others!
Being healthy is all about getting the right nutrients and vitamins from your food so always include variety in your diet. Have plenty of meat (or fish), dairy and veggies on a daily basis based on this low carb food list. Use coconut oil and olive oil when you cook and in your salads (respectively) and have a handful of nuts or berries from time to time.
Maintaining a state of ketosis is as simple as following the same dietary parameters that got the body into that state in the first place. If you limit carbohydrates and sugars in your diet, your body will opt to burn the healthy fats you consume for energy. However, when cutting carbs from your diet it is very important to focus on limiting net carbs, which is simply the number of grams of total carbohydrates in a portion of food minus the grams of fiber. Constipation is a very common issue for new adherents to the ketogenic diet, and it is caused by foregoing fiber in an attempt to limit total carbohydrates. So to prevent constipation from derailing your ketogenic diet, simply make sure you consume adequate levels of fiber!

Measuring blood ketones is the most reliable method. There is a home blood test you can use, but the strips can be very expensive. An alternative is to measure ketones in the urine with a dipstick test, which is much more accessible and inexpensive. However, this method is much less reliable and as time goes on and the body adapts to ketosis, it becomes even less reliable.
Hi Barb, That can definitely be it. Losing when you are close to goal can be more difficult. It could also be that your body’s healthy weight is a little higher than what you’d like – which doesn’t mean you can’t lose, but makes it more difficult. If just eating Keto foods isn’t working, double check the macros for your weight and see if the amount you’re eating needs to be adjusted. You’ll find more help and support in our support group here.
I was soo excited to get a bowl of cereal, only to discover I bought sweetened vanilla almond milk by mistake! My granola did not stick together, though it tasted so good! I did not add a sweetener and my pumpkin seeds and almonds we’re salted. Will try with sweetener next time. Like you, I kept snacking from the container! Ended up eating 1/2 cup of granola with 1/4 cup of the almond milk. I doubled the almonds and pecans, then added a small bag of sliced almonds and. Pumpkin seeds. Didn’t have golden flax meal, so put ground flax seed. Would have been even better had I bought some mixed nuts! Will have to refigure the macros, as I am mostly eating almonds, but I’d say you have a winner! Thank you! Would you consider a 1/2 cup a serving?
This is something I always do the wrong way. I always melt it and use a full 1/4 cup of melted coconut oil because I don’t know how to properly measure solid coconut oil. The brand I use is very hard when solid and comes in a tub so I have to scrape it with a spoon to get shavings. 1/4 cup of coconut oil shavings is not the same as 1/4 cup of solid coconut oil in a block – 1/4 cup shavings would have less oil because of the air in between.
There are several different types of flour made from seeds. Flaxseed meal is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids and can be used in muffins, pancakes and other baked goods as an oil or butter substitute. A 1/4-cup serving has 8 grams of carbohydrates. Although more difficult to find, sunflower seed flour is very low in carbohydrates with less than 6 grams per 1/4 cup.
Over the long-term the KD poses possible risks as well, although the evidence remains unclear on this topic. Consumption of a high fat diet, particularly saturated fat, is associated with increased cardiovascular risk (23) and consumption of saturated fat has been shown to acutely induce insulin resistance and raise blood triglyceride levels (12). Nevertheless, many KD studies have documented improvements in markers of cardiovascular risk, including improvements in vascular function (24) reduction in inflammatory markers (10), and other markers of cardiovascular health (13,20). Methodological issues, such as clear definitions of dietary interventions, may play a significant role in obscuring the underlying principles, however, it is clear that more targeted research is warranted.
Cinnamon toast crunch is the best cereal by a long shot and I can guarantee this by asking anyone and everyone if it was a part of their childhood, and even adulthood. It is, without fail, the cereal I see the most people purchase when I am at the grocery store. We knew that if we were going to attempt a low carb cereal we would need to pick one that everyone could undoubtedly agree upon as the best, so we decided on Cinnamon Toast Crunch.
Foods that are low in carbohydrates are a smart choice for people who have certain medical conditions. Carbohydrates are broken down by the digestive system as sugar, which makes high-carb foods a risky bet for diabetic patients. Low-carb pasta is less likely to cause blood sugar spikes than regular pasta since its carbohydrate content is made up mostly of fiber, which the body does not convert into glucose. Of course, if you have any condition that affects your diet, you should always consult with your doctor before consuming new foods.
I received these today. They came packed with cold packs that were not cold at all. The tracking info shows that they were delivered at 3pm and I arrived home at 5pm. It was if they were not refrigerated at all. Tried the original crust tonight anyway. Very tasty. The crusts are small and one crust is pretty much a meal for one person but worth the money especially if you ever made cauliflower crust from scratch.
I guess the closest would be almond flour/ground almonds but there is not a direct substitution because wheat flour behave totally differently because it has gluten. Great question to ask and I am so glad you are starting low carb. Begin by baking an established low carb recipe first. All the hard recipe development has been done for you. Enjoy, and welcome.
I actually went on a ketogenic diet last year to see if it would help my migraines. I have a history of chronic migraines which would usually last 3 days, sometimes longer. Triptans help a lot but I don’t like having to take them. I stayed in ketosis for about 8 months and experienced a significant reduction in migraines, from feeling some type of headache (mild o r severe) almost everyday to 1 or 2x per month while in ketosis. Although I’m very healthy otherwise, I do think my migraines may have something to do with blood sugar fluctuations (despite previously eating a whole foods diet and no refined carbs), and keto totally stabilized this. I eventually came off of Keto because I’m not really a meat lover. When I came off, but remained low carb, my migraines stayed under control for the most part. When I increase carbs, they do return.
New to low carb eating, My first attempt actually turned out really well. Baked 70mins. came out a little under, no color change from psyllium, lots of little air pockets ,but still firm and a little dense. Held up well to firm butter and refrigerated almond butter. Cant wait to have toast or a sandwich. Thanks for doing all the hard trial & error work and keep the recipes coming.
Purnell JQ, Hokanson JE, Marcovina SM, Steffes MW, Cleary PA, Brunzell JD. Effect of excessive weight gain with intensive therapy of type 1 diabetes on lipid levels and blood pressure: results from the DCCT. Diabetes Control and Complications Trial. JAMA. 1998;280:140–146. doi: 10.1001/jama.280.2.140. [PMC free article] [PubMed] [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
Measuring blood ketones is the most reliable method. There is a home blood test you can use, but the strips can be very expensive. An alternative is to measure ketones in the urine with a dipstick test, which is much more accessible and inexpensive. However, this method is much less reliable and as time goes on and the body adapts to ketosis, it becomes even less reliable.

Made these donuts this morning, and they are delicious. The simplest and one of the best low carb donut recipes that I have tried. I did add a scoop of whey protein powder for structure, and that worked great. I used Swerve in the donuts and a small amount of Truvia (which contains a little sugar–but okay in this tiny amount per donut) for the topping. I got 8 donuts out of the recipe, but I think I actually could’ve gotten 10. I have two 6-cavity nonstick Wilton donut pans like the ones pictured in your link. Great recipe, Maya. Thanks!
I do not use the VLC mix to make yeast breads. I have recipes at the blog for cookies, cupcakes, biscuits, and crepes using this mix. I have dozens of recipes in various stages of testing that use this mix. Some of my favorites are quick breads and muffins and cookies. Cake type recipes (muffins, small loaves of bread, cupcakes, cake, etc.) really turn out well with this mix. Let me know how some other dishes turn out for you! Thanks!
I am thankful for you and for Maria Emmerich as well. Your biscotti recipe and a few others make my low carb life possible and enjoyable. Maria E’s bread with psyllium recipe is another that keeps me happy and healthy. Thank you both. My life is revolutionized in these past 2 years and I couldn’t have sustained low carb eating without you. Your almond tea cake recipe was my first venture into almond flour and erythritol, etc—low carb cooking and eating would just be too drab and boring for me without your recipes.
The primary outcome, hemoglobin A1c, decreased from 7.5 ± 1.4% at baseline to 6.3 ± 1.0% at week 16 (p < 0.001), a 1.2% absolute decrease and a 16% relative decrease (Table ​(Table4).4). All but two participants (n = 19 or 90%) had a decrease in hemoglobin A1c (Figure ​(Figure1).1). The absolute decrease in hemoglobin A1c was at least 1.0% in 11 (52%) participants. The relative decrease in hemoglobin A1c from baseline was greater than 10% in 14 (67%) participants, and greater than 20% in 6 (29%) participants. In regression analyses, the change in hemoglobin A1c was not predicted by the change in body weight, waist circumference, or percent body fat at 16 weeks (all p > 0.05).
Thanks so much for your website and all of the recipes you share! I’ve been eating low-carb for almost a year both as a way to lose weight and to support my type 1 diabetic husband. I’ve lost 45 pounds so far! I have enjoyed everything I’ve tried from your site and will continue to try new recipes from here- this cereal is going on this week’s meal plan 🙂
The following measurements were made every other week: anthropometric and vital sign measurements; urine testing for ketones; and assessment for hypoglycemic episodes and other symptomatic side effects. Weight was measured on a standardized digital scale while the participant was wearing light clothes and shoes were removed. Skinfold thickness was measured at 4 sites – the average of 2 measurements at each site was entered into an equation to calculate percent body fat [12]. Waist circumference was measured at the midpoint between the inferior rib and the iliac crest using an inelastic tape; 2 measurements were averaged in the analysis. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured after the participant had been seated quietly without talking for 3 minutes. Certified laboratory technicians assessed urine ketones from a fresh specimen using the following semi-quantitative scale: none, trace (up to 0.9 mmol/L [5 mg/dL]), small (0.9–6.9 mmol/L [5–40 mg/dL]), moderate (6.9–13.8 mmol/L [40–80 mg/dL]), large80 (13.8–27.5 mmol/L [80–160 mg/dL]), large160 (>27.5 mmol/L [160 mg/dL]). Hypoglycemic episodes and symptomatic side effects were assessed by direct questioning of the participant and by self-administered questionnaires.
My keto diet recipes are creative, full of flavor, and always low carb. You will find lots lots of keto diet meal prep recipes that allow you to eat low net carb keto meals all week long. All of my keto diet recipes are designed with you guys in mind, in fact, many of them are special requests from you, and that’s the kind of recipes you will find on my site.
On a ketogenic diet, your entire body switches its fuel supply to run mostly on fat, burning fat 24-7. When insulin levels become very low, fat burning can increase dramatically. It becomes easier to access your fat stores to burn them off. This is great if you’re trying to lose weight, but there are also other less obvious benefits, such as less hunger and a steady supply of energy. This may help keep you alert and focused.

Hits the spot! I love traditional cereal and this definitely satisfied my tastebuds!! I will say I did realize how important it is to not over pulse, and to create a thin layer when placing in the oven. For the first few minutes I had a thick, maybe 3/4 inch layer, and I ended up thinning it out after reading reviews. I think in total I baked mine for 25-28 minutes. It was a little soft after coming out of the oven, but like you said it hardens after it cools. I added cinnamon, and wish I added more (I love a strong cinnamon flavor).
Want perfectly uniform mini burger patties? Try using a lid from a small jar, or a cookie cutter, as a form for your ground beef. You’ll have to find one that is the right size (slightly larger than you want the burger to be once it is cooked) but once you have it you’re good to go. Line the lid with plastic wrap to keep the ground beef from sticking inside of it!
Thanks for posting about the psyllium Sarah,, I tried psyllium flakes 10g and they turned out great. Not even very fragile. It just gets thick so the batter doesn’t self-level, I had to do my best, and the thick spots required 1 extra minute in the oven. Used immediately in a skillet lasagne- just ground beef, jar of pasta sauce, mozz cheese and cream cheese. Definitely wouldn’t have been much of a lasagne without the “pasta”! So these noodles are my hero 🙂 

Proponents of the ketogenic diet say the problem with a high-carbohydrate diet is that it induces high insulin levels and keeps the body burning sugar and carbs instead of fat. In contrast, on a low-carb diet, the body learns to burn fat preferentially. When this happens, acids known as ketones are released from fat into the body, while insulin levels go down. Ketosis can occur after several days on a low-carb diet.
Update: Well I tried it again but this time I altered the recipe a bit. I combined the 2 TBSP cereal with 1 cup of Almond Coconut Milk and 1 TSP "Swerve" Powdered Sugar Substitute. I whisked the ingredients together thoroughly and then microwaved on high for 2 minutes. I whisked again after removing from the microwave and added 1TBSP butter. After letting it sit for about 1 minute, I whisked it one more time and then added blueberries and blackberries. ... full review
As ingested CHO is broken down by the stomach and absorbed through the small intestine, rising blood sugar creates a feedback loop which results in secretion of insulin. The primary role of insulin is to “dispose” of excess blood sugar by signaling tissues to “uptake” more glucose from the circulating supply. In this manner insulin serves a prominent role in glucose regulation. This concept also provides the basis for the glycemic index, a concept which attempts to quantify the impact CHO foods have on blood sugar response. For example, foods rich in simple CHO (i.e., “sugars”), which are absorbed quickly, trigger a rapid rise in blood sugar (and subsequently insulin response), whereas foods rich in complex CHO, such as fiber-rich legumes, exert a relatively blunted response on blood glucose.
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1. Black Bean Pasta from ExploreAsian, Gluten-Free: This pasta is a favorite of mine because it’s gluten-free, it cooks really fast (in about 5 to 7 minutes) and it holds together. Oh wait, did I mention the only ingredients are black beans and water? Very clean and very healthy! After subtracting the 12 grams of dietary fiber from the total carbohydrates, you’re left with 5 grams of very low-impact carbohydrates! Feel free to have two servings at that count!
Carbohydrates are a good source of quick energy to fuel your body's natural functions and keep you going during busy days. They have gotten a bad reputation in the fitness and weight-loss worlds, though, because many typical carbs that people take in are starchy, sugary, salty and contain no useful nutrition. Choose the right kind of low-carb cereal and you can enjoy a quick and convenient breakfast or snack entirely guilt-free.
Con: Results can vary depending on how much fluid you drink. By drinking more water, you dilute the concentration of ketones in the urine and thus a lower level of ketones will be detected on the strips. The strips don’t show a precise ketone level. Finally, and most importantly, as you become increasingly keto-adapted and your body reabsorbs ketones from the urine, urine strips may become unreliable, even if you’re in ketosis.
You can make “quick breads”–or non-yeast breads with it. It does not have enough gluten to make dough rise well. If you see a bread that calls for almond flour or coconut flour (to a certain extent–coconut flour usually requires more eggs), you can often substitute this mix for a lower fat, lower calorie, more diverse-tasting flour. If you are after yeast products, I recommend my Low Carb Sprouted Flour Mix. (Bread and yeast product recipes for that mix are coming soon!)

However, replacing high carb flours like all-purpose flour, wheat flour, corn flour, and rice flour with low-carb flour is not as simple as just using one for the other. Due to the difference in composition between high-carb and low-carb flours, you will need to use different amounts of low-carb flour together with other essential ingredients that you don’t typically find in traditional baking recipes like psyllium husk, xanthan gum, and protein powder.
A common question is whether you can substitute almond flour for coconut flour and the other way around. Yes, often you can but not in equal amounts. 1 cup of almond flour can be substituted for 1/3 cup of coconut flour. 1/3 cup of coconut flour can be substituted for 2/3 cup almond flour + 1.5 tablespoons of ground psyllium husk powder. The amounts may need to be adjusted depending on what brands you’re using.
Like any other fad diet, you can lose weight and see some positive results in the short term, but what effect does a low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet have on your long-term health? Recent research published by The Lancet studied the eating patterns of more than 15,400 adults in the U.S. and another 432,000 people around the world. Researchers found that restricted carbohydrate levels replaced or supplemented by animal-based protein and fat sources could lead to a higher risk of premature death.
Several recent studies indicate that a low-carbohydrate diet is effective at improving glycemia. A few studies have shown that in non-diabetic individuals, low-carbohydrate diets were more effective than higher carbohydrate diets at improving fasting serum glucose [13,14] and insulin [6,14-16], and at improving insulin sensitivity as measured by the homeostasis model [6]. One of these studies also included diabetic patients and noted a comparative improvement in hemoglobin A1c after 6 months (low fat diet: 0.0 ± 1.0%; low carbohydrate diet: -0.6 ± 1.2%, p = 0.06) [6] and 12 months (low fat diet: -0.1 ± 1.6%; low carbohydrate diet: -0.7 ± 1.0%, p = 0.019) duration [5]. In a 5-week crossover feeding study, 8 men with type 2 diabetes had greater improvement in fasting glucose, 24-hour glucose area-under-the-curve (AUC), 24-hour insulin AUC, and glycohemoglobin while on the low-carbohydrate diet than when on a eucaloric low-fat diet [7]. In a 14-day inpatient feeding study, 10 participants with type 2 diabetes experienced improvements in hemoglobin A1c and insulin sensitivity as measured by the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp method [8]. Hemoglobin A1c also improved in an outpatient study of 16 participants who followed a 20% carbohydrate diet for 24 weeks [9].
For those who prefer to weigh ingredients rather than volume measure everything, here are my weights: using Honeyville almond flour, 2 cups is 6.5 ounces; and NOW brand psyllium husk you need 1 ounce. (I have the husks so I ground some to a fine powder in my coffee/spice grinder and measured 1/4 cup of the powder, which weighed 1 ounce or 31 grams. In future, I will just weigh 31 grams of husks into the grinder and know I have the right amount.) A quarter cup of coconut oil, like other fats, weighs 2 ounces.
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