The improvement in glycemic control occurred while medications for diabetes were discontinued or reduced in most participants (Table ​(Table5).5). During the study, hypertension and hyperlipidemia medication doses were not increased from baseline nor were new agents added, except in 3 individuals. No serious adverse effects related to the diet occurred. One participant had a hypoglycemic episode requiring assistance from emergency services after he skipped a meal but the episode was aborted without need for transportation to the emergency room or hospitalization.
In addition, not all carbs come in the form of white bread, fluffy pizza crusts, and other wheat products. Harvard explains that beans and fruit are also sources of good carbohydrates, so keep that in mind before you decide to completely carve out carbs from your diet. With that in mind, we've rounded up some of the best pasta swaps that don't taste like cardboard—in fact, some even taste just as delicious (or better) than the real thing.
Measuring blood ketones is the most reliable method. There is a home blood test you can use, but the strips can be very expensive. An alternative is to measure ketones in the urine with a dipstick test, which is much more accessible and inexpensive. However, this method is much less reliable and as time goes on and the body adapts to ketosis, it becomes even less reliable.
Maintaining a healthy weight has never been easy for me. I’ve struggled with sugar addiction and weight gain since I was a teen. You can read about my whole journey here and see Before pics as well. But since I’ve been low carb over the last 4 years I’ve been able to easily maintain my weight. Now with keto, I’m hoping to change my body even more. I may not lose “pounds” but just seeing these results shows the scale number is just one measurement and to me the body fat number is more important.
I normally don’t post reviews, mainly because I’m busy and constantly on the go but had to take a few minutes to say that this recipe is one of my most favorite keto recipes I’ve come across! I’ve been eating mostly keto (a few cheat days occasionally) for about 9 months now and know that almond flour isn’t the easiest to work with so this says alot. Great job and keep sharing your recipes!

In addition, on the day the diet was initiated, diabetes medications were reduced – generally, insulin doses were halved, and sulfonylurea doses were halved or discontinued. Due to the possible diuretic effects of the diet soon after initiation, diuretic medications were discontinued if of low dosage (up to 25 mg of hydrochlorothiazide or 20 mg of furosemide) or halved if of higher dosage. Participants were also instructed to take a standard multivitamin and drink 6–8 glasses of water daily, and were encouraged to exercise aerobically for 30 minutes at least three times per week.
If you are a coconut lover you will really love this hot cereal in the morning. This is one of the best breakfast cereals you can have, especially on a colder day, as it gets you filled up and heated up at the same time. It has a rich coconut flavor which is complemented by the vanilla and is sweet enough to satisfy a sweet tooth, and with only two grams of carbs in each serving, it is definitely low.

I made these tonight for supper (just finished eating) and they were fantastic! I simmered them in a mixture of chicken broth, soy sauce, hot sauce, garlic, and ginger, then added some leftover cooked veggies and chicken for an eastern-inspired chicken noodle soup. I didn’t find the noodles eggy, but it wouldn’t bother me if they were because I love me some eggs. I didn’t change a thing in the recipe (yes, I actually DID use the vital wheat gluten! 😀 ). I know I’ll be making these on a regular basis now – I think I’ll be riffing on the classic tuna noodle casserole later this week. Thanks so much for a wonderful recipe!


Oatmeal is something we all miss when it starts to get cold outside, but it is filled with carbs. You can easily make your own oatmeal by following one of the many recipes online. Or, if you’d like a different twist on oatmeal, give our Cinnamon Roll Oatmeal a try. Using what you might think are strange ingredients (cue cauliflower), you get an absolutely delicious faux oatmeal.
"The keto diet is primarily used to help reduce the frequency of epileptic seizures in children. While it also has been tried for weight loss, only short-term results have been studied, and the results have been mixed. We don't know if it works in the long term, nor whether it's safe," warns registered dietitian Kathy McManus, director of the Department of Nutrition at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women's Hospital.
I tried to make the egg noodles and it was a total failure. Followed the directions without any substitutions.’ Not sure what happened. The texture was off. It was nearly impossible to remove from the pan and I used the latex mat and sprayed as well. It was mushy and seemed undercooked. I was disappointed because I had made the sauce and was ready to eat. It looked like the mixture was set and cooked, Perhaps my oven is off.
I’ve been doing keto on and off for a year. Before that, I explored eliminating “inflammatory” or “reactive” foods based on another eating program. I have Celiac and autoimmune issues and I think one of the reasons people stall with Keto is because they are eating too many typically “inflammatory” foods–foods that your body has a harder time digesting and as a result create systemic inflammation which, in turn, cause weight loss plateaus. For those trying to fight through a Keto Plateau, I would suggest eliminating ALL dairy (try subbing ghee for butter), artificial sweeteners (including stevia and erythritol) and all nuts for 5 days. I know it sounds close to impossible but all three of these Keto staples are some of the biggest culprits of inflammation in the body. I found this suggestion on another Keto website and tried it and dropped 6 lbs in 5 days. Another typically inflammatory food is Eggs. If you can’t eliminate all of these foods at once, try eliminating one at a time for a minimum of 5 days and see if there is any movement on the scale. For those who have stalled, chances are at least one of your Keto staples is holding you up. Good luck!

Thank you, Jillian! Sorry that you had an issue with sticking. I use this pan and they slid out effortlessly for me. I did grease the pan before adding the batter. Could that have been the issue? Or, maybe they needed to be cooked a little longer? Letting them cool in the pan a bit before removing also helps. I’m sure they’d be delicious in muffin pans, too. I’m glad you still liked them!
I was doing LCHF (under 20 carbs most days) , Type II diabetic on a little insulin, After less than 3 mos I brought my A1C from 10.9 down to 7.1…….off to a great start. Now…..I am not only diabetic, I recently had open heart surgery (quadruple bypass),meaning “cardiac diet”. Do you know of any diabetic/cardiac people that are doing Keto? Curious about high fat for cardiac. (FYI: My Doctors are following me closely so know what I’m doing.)
I thought that eating this amount of protein would leave me a withered and emaciated little boy, but this is a belief I held for years of being beating over the head with jugs of protein powder and bro-science. It turns out, you (or, at least I) don’t need as much protein as once thought. However, eating very FEW grams of protein is not smart either. 
I have only been on a Keto diet for a couple of weeks, but I have found some great recipes on your site and have loved them all! Today I made these donuts and then frosted them with your Low Carb Keto Cream cheese frosting. I followed both recipes exactly as written and had great results. Thanks so much! I thought I would never be able to give up sweets, but now I do not have to and I am so relieved.
I made these this morning but subbed coconut milk in for the almond milk since I didn’t have any on hand. I also used a little less sugar substitute since I hate that cooling effect it has and I added some ground cloves and nutmeg. They were SO good! I’ve tried a few keto recipes and have not had too much success, but this one is GREAT! Even my son who is super picky really loved them.
I think melted and solid coconut oil pretty much have the same volume, or if it changes, the amount of volume lost or gained is negligible 😉 Sometimes I make coconut oil bites by pouring 1-tbs servings of melted coconut oil mixed with something to give them flavours (matcha powder, raw cacao powder, essential oils, etc) on an ice cube tray and when they turn solid it looks like the volume is about the same.
The ketogenic diet, or keto, relies on using your fat as fuel, instead of glucose from carbohydrates or protein. Simply put, the daily ketogenic diet consists of 75 percent fat, 20 percent of protein, and a teeny allotment of carbohydrates, about 5 percent. This balance of macronutrients is intended to put your body in a state of ketosis, which suppresses the release of insulin and blood glucose levels. The benefits of ketosis to your health are improvements in biomarkers like blood glucose, reduction of blood pressure and decreased appetite due to fullness linked to consumption of fats.
Anticonvulsants suppress epileptic seizures, but they neither cure nor prevent the development of seizure susceptibility. The development of epilepsy (epileptogenesis) is a process that is poorly understood. A few anticonvulsants (valproate, levetiracetam and benzodiazepines) have shown antiepileptogenic properties in animal models of epileptogenesis. However, no anticonvulsant has ever achieved this in a clinical trial in humans. The ketogenic diet has been found to have antiepileptogenic properties in rats.[56]
A ketogenic diet helps control blood sugar levels. It is excellent for managing type 2 diabetes, sometimes even leading to complete reversal of the disease. This has been proven in studies. It makes perfect sense since keto lowers blood-sugar levels, reduces the need of medications and reduces the potentially negative impact of high insulin levels.
For cavatelli: cut dough into 4 pieces, roll out into even-sized logs and slice off even-sized pieces. This will ensure evenly-sized pasta. Lightly dust the board and pasta pieces with coconut flour. Place a piece on the board and using a knife press the dough towards you, angling the knife tip upwards as you press (see post for gif images), making the pasta curl into shape. 
Because pasta. One of the things most peeps understandably miss the most when going keto, or grain free for that matter (🙋🏿!!). Because let’s face it, not much beats a bowl of pasta. And while this low carb version is a little different (think fried pasta/gnocchi), fairly certain you’ll be surprised by the al dente-like results and wonderful pairing with traditional Italian sauces.
On the other hand, the types of foods you’ll avoid eating on the keto, low-carb food plan are likely the same ones you are, or previously were, accustomed to getting lots of your daily calories from before starting this way of eating. This includes items like fruit, processed foods or drinks high in sugar, those made with any grains or white/wheat flour, conventional dairy products, desserts, and many other high-carb foods (especially those that are sources of “empty calories”).

I have made your beautiful bread a number of times, however today I scored the top to help it rise. Unfortunately it rose too quickly and it has a huge hole in right through the middle of it 🙁 might be good for toad in the hole tomorrow morning but not much else 🙂 do you know how I can prevent the hole next time? I was so excited about the heigh of this attempt but may have to stop the scoring in the future. Thx


Fanatic? Someone with T2D, a disease usually claimed to be progressive and a never ending stream of problems and medications, was REVERSED. That’s something to shout from the rooftops. The drop in medication use alone, but the big pharma companies would prefer that people’s stories of reversing (well, putting it into remission) T2D get called fanatical instead of insightful.

As with cold cereals, your best bet for a low-carb breakfast cereal comes in the form of whole grains. Oatmeal is an excellent choice because it is high in fiber and contains a substance called beta-glucan, which slows down the digestive process. That means you will stay full throughout the morning. Bran cereals can also be eaten hot, and whole grains such as quinoa or grits can be flavored to be either savory or sweet. Quinoa goes especially well with walnuts and raisins, dates or dried figs. It is is also scrumptious when flavored with a little bit of coriander and served with a poached egg on top. Grits are also a natural partner for eggs, but they are also delicious with pecans and fresh blueberries. Drizzle a bit of honey, agave or real maple syrup on top for sweetness. This will increase the carb count a bit, but the nutritional benefits of starting your day with a hearty, hot breakfast are more than worth the few extra carbs.

Hi Lee, A blender might also work, if it’s powerful enough to chop up nuts. You’ll still want to use a pulse-stop-pulse method, and may need to stir between pulses. Otherwise, you can also try chopping up the nuts and seeds before mixing with the other ingredients. If you go that route, the resulting granola texture will be a little different compared to a food processor. I used a food processor partly because it makes both prep time and cleanup a lot faster, but also because that way you get a mix of larger chopped nuts and finer powder. I hope one of the other methods works out for you!


It can sometimes be difficult to find a cereal that actually fills you up till lunch, so a keto-compliant granola can be the answer. This one is deliciously crunchy and has a warming flavor from the cinnamon and tastes great with your favorite nut milk. Nuts can be a great source of goodness and energy, so this can also be eaten as a snack when you need a little something to keep you going.
Hi Judy. Some people can enjoy small amounts of fruit on a low carb keto diet while others can not. I always use fruit as a garnish and stick to 1 ounce at any given time. I choose the smallest fruits I can find because it tricks me into thinking that there is more. If I enjoy a little apple, I make those slices as thin as I can and it probably doesn’t even equate to an 8th of a small apple. If I shared photos of just plain porridge, with a spoon in it, it would not be appetizing to look at. As with everything in life, use common sense and make the decisions that are best for you. I offer subs and ideas in the posts and recipes. Enjoy the recipes. -Kim
My point here is that the warnings about the ketogenic principles are well taken and well documented. My concern is implications that this is a fad. I don’t use the word diet with my patients and I’m concerned that the principles behind the label and the real results that these readers have commented on might get minimized. I have found it best to encourage patients to read authors like: Stephen Phinney, Jeff Volek, Patricia Daly, and Charles Gant and the be partners with their doctors and check blood work as they move along. I am not for or against the article. If ketogenic principles offer people enduring, satisfying, and cohesive change then why not read about its potential and flexilbity?
So today I was sitting here getting some work done and occasionally looking out the window. The roses on the trellis are pretty actively in bloom and the trees are loaded with bright green leaves. The colors are bright against a glowery gray sky, though and it looks chilly. It’s not in the least – I think the high today is going to be 81F – BUT it LOOKS that way.
Thank you so much for giving me back bolognese! Low carb eating wasn’t really a hard switch for me except missing Italian food. I doubled the recipe and used a 9×13 pan to bake them. The most unusual thing was that the center set before the edges, usually it’s the other way round. These noodles topped with bolognese, served with keto garlic bread, I though I was in heaven!
The original therapeutic diet for paediatric epilepsy provides just enough protein for body growth and repair, and sufficient calories[Note 1] to maintain the correct weight for age and height. The classic therapeutic ketogenic diet was developed for treatment of paediatric epilepsy in the 1920s and was widely used into the next decade, but its popularity waned with the introduction of effective anticonvulsant medications. This classic ketogenic diet contains a 4:1 ratio by weight of fat to combined protein and carbohydrate. This is achieved by excluding high-carbohydrate foods such as starchy fruits and vegetables, bread, pasta, grains, and sugar, while increasing the consumption of foods high in fat such as nuts, cream, and butter.[1] Most dietary fat is made of molecules called long-chain triglycerides (LCTs). However, medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs)—made from fatty acids with shorter carbon chains than LCTs—are more ketogenic. A variant of the classic diet known as the MCT ketogenic diet uses a form of coconut oil, which is rich in MCTs, to provide around half the calories. As less overall fat is needed in this variant of the diet, a greater proportion of carbohydrate and protein can be consumed, allowing a greater variety of food choices.[4][5]

Hi Jan, Sorry they didn’t work for you. It’s hard to say what happened without being in the kitchen with you. Did you use exactly the same ingredients and amounts? Also, if they were not cooked, then they probably needed to be in the oven for longer. If they were clumpy, it’s also possible that the almond flour wasn’t fine blanched (it needs to be) or the batter wasn’t mixed well enough. Hope this helps.

I made this today and the flavor is outstanding! My only thing about it I’m not completely thrilled with is the lack of clumps of nuts and seeds. I put some pecan pieces in hoping they would form some clumps with the nuts, but it didn’t really help. I’m wondering if a thicker liquid would make a difference. Perhaps Sukrin gold syrup instead of coconut oil and sweetener? Could maybe add some maple flavoring to it. You might not be able to find Sukrin in the UK, but it is accessible through Amazon. Would maybe some of your followers from the US have an opinion about this?


I’ve searching and searching for a keto bread that is not too eggy or have no cheese. I just mad this bread and oh! It’s soooo good! It’s got the wholesome texture but nice and firm. No eggy taste! Thank you so much Maya for sharing this recipe. Finally, I can make my Brit husband happy. We’ve been on a keto for 3 moths and he lost 20 lbs but since he is from England, bread is so important to him. I will surprise him when ge gets home. I’m so happy!
To replace 1 egg, mix 1 tbsp ground flax meal with 3 tbsp of water and allow it to swell. This can be used to replace the eggs but it will not give to properties that eggs do. Eggs help bind the ingredients, eggs help the baking become light, fluffy and rise. Eggs help emulsify the mixture. This formula is used in many vegan recipes or those who are allergic to eggs. If a recipe is heavily based on eggs, this substitution will not work.
One of the central questions new adherents to the ketogenic diet must answer is whether or not they want to incorporate meat into their new diet. It is entirely possible to consume adequate levels of healthy fats whether you approach the diet as an omnivore or a vegetarian, so this decision is largely a personal one. However, if you choose to incorporate meat into your version of the ketogenic diet, it is crucial to ensure it is grass-fed, organic, and free of antibiotics. Furthermore, it is important to focus primarily on above-ground leafy vegetables, with meat serving as a side dish. An example of the perfect plate for a keto omnivore would be a sizeable portion of colorful, above-ground leafy vegetables covered with a healthy fat like olive oil, paired with a 3-5 oz serving of high-quality meat.
I guess the closest would be almond flour/ground almonds but there is not a direct substitution because wheat flour behave totally differently because it has gluten. Great question to ask and I am so glad you are starting low carb. Begin by baking an established low carb recipe first. All the hard recipe development has been done for you. Enjoy, and welcome. 

Yes, nuts can be seen as antiinflammatory when eaten whole and in small amounts, the problem with much of low-carb baking is the huge quantity of almonds you can easily consume in just one slice of cake/pie/cookie. 1 cup almond flour = 90 almonds, and I don’t think many would sit and consume 90 almonds, but it’s easy to overeat almond baking so I am developing recipes with either almond flour or coconut flour to mix things up. This is a great article explaining why we can enjoy nuts, but be cautious of which type and how much. Nuts have become readily accessible too often and eaten it too larger quantities. Nibbling on a few isn’t going to be a problem and probably beneficial.
Things have changed. I discovered Keto a year ago, and it has made a significant improvement in my health – WHEN I follow it. It’s not that easy sometimes. I need inspiration and support, as we all do. I know this is your business but it also seems like a life mission. Some days when I am tempted to consume stuff that I know will make me feel bad later, I think of you and all the resources you provide and all the good stuff that will make me feel more energetic, alive, and able to do my part in the world. 

With all of the new low-carb food products hitting the marking lately, you may be wondering if it is really worth it to make your own keto-friendly baked goods. Unfortunately, many “keto-friendly” products have been found to contain more net carbs and a bigger impact on insulin secretion than indicated by the packaging. For this reason, one ready-made “keto cookie” can kick you out of ketosis, even if the label says “only with four net carbs.”

Nutritional ketosis has been proposed as a mechanism through which hunger may be suppressed. A recent meta-analysis investigated the impact of diet on appetite and shed some light on this possible phenomenon (11). The meta-analysis included 12 studies which investigated the effect of either a very low energy diet (VLED: defined as <800 calories per day) or ketogenic low-carbohydrate diet (KLCD: defined as CHO consumption of <10% of energy or <50 g/day, but ad libitum consumption of total energy, protein and fat). Interventions ranged from 4 – 12 weeks and weight loss was from 5.0 to 12.5 kg. In all studies nutritional ketosis was confirmed in VLED and KLCD via circulating levels of β-hydroxybutyrate. Interestingly, both groups reported decreases in appetite. The results of this meta-analysis are noteworthy in two regards. The VLED groups were clearly and significantly hypocaloric, suggesting a state in which hunger should be increased, not decreased. Similarly, the KLCD groups experienced simultaneous reductions in weight and appetite, while eating an ad libitum diet. The results of this meta-analysis provide support for the theory that nutritional ketosis may exert an appetite suppressing effect.

While low-carb simply describes a vague behavior pattern that is subject to each person, ketosis is an objective and measurable fat-burning state of the human body. It is when the body’s metabolism switches gears to burn fat for energy instead of sugar. It is this metabolic state in which people experience the full benefits of a ketogenic lifestyle.
Hi Maria, Did you use all the same ingredients and amounts? If you did they should be sweet, but I do think they need the coating for the best flavor and sweetness on the outside. That being said, everyone’s sweet tooth is different so you can add more sweetener next time if you want to. I usually don’t recommend canola oil – use butter, coconut oil, or avocado oil instead to grease. Heavy cream should be fine to sub for almond milk, but you might need a tad more since it’s thicker.

There’s nothing like pouring a bowl of low carb cereal with almond milk for an easy morning breakfast. These low carb granola and low carb muesli recipes are made from nuts and seeds resulting in a nourishing sugar free, gluten free, and grain free breakfast option. Because they are very nutritionally dense, enjoy a small portion. Enjoy a spoonful on full fat Greek yogurt or ice cream.
Note: Are you a vegetarian or vegan and want to go on a ketogenic diet? It’s still possible! Just keep in mind that the dietary restrictions can sometimes be a little bit intense. Make sure to plan ahead and prepare to aid your success. To help out, we’ve published articles (with 7 day meal plans included) for both the vegetarian ketogenic diet and the vegan ketogenic diet.
We can help. We’ve put together a list of the top 10 healthiest and lowest carbohydrate options for diabetes. Whether you are on an American Diabetes Association (ADA) Diet or a Ketogenic diet, you can enjoy them with diabetes guilt free. If you are on a ketogenic diet, we hope that you are being followed by your doctor and nutritionist for needed lab work.
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) epilepsy in children. The diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates. Normally, the carbohydrates contained in food are converted into glucose, which is then transported around the body and is particularly important in fueling brain function. However, if little carbohydrate remains in the diet, the liver converts fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies. The ketone bodies pass into the brain and replace glucose as an energy source. An elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood, a state known as ketosis, leads to a reduction in the frequency of epileptic seizures.[1] Around half of children and young people with epilepsy who have tried some form of this diet saw the number of seizures drop by at least half, and the effect persists even after discontinuing the diet.[2] Some evidence indicates that adults with epilepsy may benefit from the diet, and that a less strict regimen, such as a modified Atkins diet, is similarly effective.[1] Potential side effects may include constipation, high cholesterol, growth slowing, acidosis, and kidney stones.[3]
One of the common problems with eating a ketogenic diet is that your system can become a bit less regular than normal, so one of the best ways to sort it is to up the fiber. This cereal is loaded with fiber and can be really helpful to reset your system. It also has a hint of chocolate, making it kid-friendly too. Just serve this with your choice of milk for a healthy and filling breakfast.
Still, whole wheat flour comes in about midway on our list of flours based on carbohydrate content, so it’s got a little less than 45 carbohydrates per half cup, and comes in mid-range for GI at 69, You may find that you want to sneak whole wheat flour into your recipes, by adding a little at a time and working up to where you have mostly whole-wheat bread.
There are several different types of flour made from seeds. Flaxseed meal is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids and can be used in muffins, pancakes and other baked goods as an oil or butter substitute. A 1/4-cup serving has 8 grams of carbohydrates. Although more difficult to find, sunflower seed flour is very low in carbohydrates with less than 6 grams per 1/4 cup.
Ketogenic cereals can be a bit of a challenge, so why not try out this blueberry one! It is crunchy and delicious and has all the slow release energy you will need to get through the morning. This makes a great after-school snack for kids and helps them get away from sugary snacks. If you like this one you could experiment with other flavors – for example, try cherry extract instead of blueberry!
I had pasta last night, and I feel guilty that I cheated. This recipe is that good. I followed your directions exactly, including simmering the noodles in some sauce for a few minutes. What size pan did you use? It was hard for me to estimate and I ended up throwing away some egg mixture. Putting pan sizes in all your wonderful recipes would be helpful. Keep up the good work. You are my low-carb, go-to guru.
Donna the problem about using that much xantham gum in a recipe for gluten free is the problem. Usually when using xantham gum in a flour mix the general rule is 1 tsp per cup of flour or starch in the mix. so for this recipe there should only be 4 tsp of xantham gum not the 1/4 cup ( 4 Tbls) you call for. It should give you a less gelatinous texture and a much better taste. Another possibility to use instead of the xantham would be to use Psyllium husk powder. Hope this helps someone who might be finding it hard ro bake with the gluten free mix as written, try lowering the xantham gum to the levels I suggested. 
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