Maintaining a state of ketosis is as simple as following the same dietary parameters that got the body into that state in the first place. If you limit carbohydrates and sugars in your diet, your body will opt to burn the healthy fats you consume for energy. However, when cutting carbs from your diet it is very important to focus on limiting net carbs, which is simply the number of grams of total carbohydrates in a portion of food minus the grams of fiber. Constipation is a very common issue for new adherents to the ketogenic diet, and it is caused by foregoing fiber in an attempt to limit total carbohydrates. So to prevent constipation from derailing your ketogenic diet, simply make sure you consume adequate levels of fiber!

Wilder's colleague, paediatrician Mynie Gustav Peterman, later formulated the classic diet, with a ratio of one gram of protein per kilogram of body weight in children, 10–15 g of carbohydrate per day, and the remainder of calories from fat. Peterman's work in the 1920s established the techniques for induction and maintenance of the diet. Peterman documented positive effects (improved alertness, behaviour, and sleep) and adverse effects (nausea and vomiting due to excess ketosis). The diet proved to be very successful in children: Peterman reported in 1925 that 95% of 37 young patients had improved seizure control on the diet and 60% became seizure-free. By 1930, the diet had also been studied in 100 teenagers and adults. Clifford Joseph Barborka, Sr., also from the Mayo Clinic, reported that 56% of those older patients improved on the diet and 12% became seizure-free. Although the adult results are similar to modern studies of children, they did not compare as well to contemporary studies. Barborka concluded that adults were least likely to benefit from the diet, and the use of the ketogenic diet in adults was not studied again until 1999.[10][14]

I tried the original recipe and was impressed. I tweaked the recipe to create a slightly sweet, nuttier profile. Instead of 2 cups almond flour, I used 1 cup almond flour with 1 cup almond meal. Instead of 1/4 coconut oil, I used 1/4 cup unsalted butter. I reduced the psyllium husk powder to 3 level tablespoons. I also added 2 tablespoons regular molasses stirred into the warm water. The molasses has 32 grams of sugar total, but when you divided by 16 slices it only adds 2 grams of carbs per slice. Thanks for a great bread. I look forward to more great recipes!


The benefits above are the most common ones. But there are others that are potentially even more surprising and – at least for some people – life changing. Did you know that a keto diet can help treat high blood pressure, may result in less acne, may help control migraine, might help with certain mental health issues and could have a few other potential benefits?

Basically, carbohydrates are the primary source of energy production in body tissues. When the body is deprived of carbohydrates due to reducing intake to less than 50g per day, insulin secretion is significantly reduced and the body enters a catabolic state. Glycogen stores deplete, forcing the body to go through certain metabolic changes. Two metabolic processes come into action when there is low carbohydrate availability in body tissues: gluconeogenesis and ketogenesis.
Another amazing recipe!! I made these this morning and they came out great. I baked for 28 minutes. Mine didn’t rise very much, I used brand new baking powder but I must have measured something incorrectly. I used your knife method when taking out of the pan and then turned my pans upside down and tapped them and the donuts fell right out. I also bought the pans you suggested. They were a huge hit. Thank you!!

There are theoretically no restrictions on where the ketogenic diet might be used, and it can cost less than modern anticonvulsants. However, fasting and dietary changes are affected by religious and cultural issues. A culture where food is often prepared by grandparents or hired help means more people must be educated about the diet. When families dine together, sharing the same meal, it can be difficult to separate the child's meal. In many countries, food labelling is not mandatory so calculating the proportions of fat, protein and carbohydrate is difficult. In some countries, it may be hard to find sugar-free forms of medicines and supplements, to purchase an accurate electronic scale, or to afford MCT oils.[54]


OMG these are out of this world! I did the same recipe except I didn’t add the cinnamon. I added orange zest and cranberries. I did a cream cheese icing with swerve and more orange zest. Absolutely wonderful. Thank you for your recipe! I’m happy I can make that occasional treat to curb off those sweet craving without completely falling off the keto wagon.
On the ketogenic diet, carbohydrates are restricted and so cannot provide for all the metabolic needs of the body. Instead, fatty acids are used as the major source of fuel. These are used through fatty-acid oxidation in the cell's mitochondria (the energy-producing parts of the cell). Humans can convert some amino acids into glucose by a process called gluconeogenesis, but cannot do this by using fatty acids.[57] Since amino acids are needed to make proteins, which are essential for growth and repair of body tissues, these cannot be used only to produce glucose. This could pose a problem for the brain, since it is normally fuelled solely by glucose, and most fatty acids do not cross the blood–brain barrier. However, the liver can use long-chain fatty acids to synthesise the three ketone bodies β-hydroxybutyrate, acetoacetate and acetone. These ketone bodies enter the brain and partially substitute for blood glucose as a source of energy.[56]
I don’t know anyone doing keto with cardiac issues, but yes for diabetes. I’ve noticed though many doctors are not promoting keto at all and it’s disappointing to be honest. I hope you’ll find out what works for you or at least your doctor will research it before saying it isn’t a good idea. Anyway, sound advice can be found from Jimmy Moore who has been doing keto for years and years and his website and podcasts are full of interviews with doctors. He’d probably be the best source of info for your condition. Best of luck to you!
Supplements: MCT oil and fish oil, ensuring they are USDA-organic, hexane-free, and non-GMO. One important thing to note: MCT oil delivers beta-hydroxybutyric acid (BHB), which is the most important ketone body, and its benefits can be gained without fasting or even carbohydrate restriction. While the full benefits of a ketogenic diet will only be realized if you adhere to the diet in its entirety, incorporating MCT oil into your current diet and supplementation is a good way to benefit from ketone bodies on a smaller scale.
OMG! I can’t take it anymore! This recipe only works with Gluten. Marye says you cannot substitute anything for the gluten. If you do, then you are not making Marye’s recipe. If you are celiac, search for a different recipe because this one has gluten as an ingredient and you cannot have any gluten. Nobody is forcing any of you to cook this recipe. If you do not want to use gluten, look elsewhere. This clearly isn’t the recipe for you.

Cinnamon toast crunch is the best cereal by a long shot and I can guarantee this by asking anyone and everyone if it was a part of their childhood, and even adulthood. It is, without fail, the cereal I see the most people purchase when I am at the grocery store. We knew that if we were going to attempt a low carb cereal we would need to pick one that everyone could undoubtedly agree upon as the best, so we decided on Cinnamon Toast Crunch.
In the mid-1990s, Hollywood producer Jim Abrahams, whose son's severe epilepsy was effectively controlled by the diet, created the Charlie Foundation to promote it. Publicity included an appearance on NBC's Dateline programme and ...First Do No Harm (1997), a made-for-television film starring Meryl Streep. The foundation sponsored a multicentre research study, the results of which—announced in 1996—marked the beginning of renewed scientific interest in the diet.[1]
With just 4g of carbs, this pasta, made from hearts of palm, is a plant-based pasta substitute you may not have heard about before. Palmini is low in calories, high in fiber, gluten free, and looks more like traditional pasta than some other alternatives. It can be purchased canned or in pouches. While you can eat it straight from the package, it also cooks up well—keeping its pasta-like consistency.

This is the best keto bread recipe out there, in my opinion. I make it every week. The psyllium husk is brilliant and really makes this like more traditional bread. I add a TBL of swerve to help counter any egg taste too. Comes out great every time. Sometimes I add cheddar cheese and that’s delicious too! I love this bread. Thank you for sharing the recipe! It’s a winner!


Hi Maya. I LOVE your site!! Interesting, informative with fab recipes and ideas. Hubby and I have just started eating low carb and I have to say, we are not finding it too difficult and I already feel sooo much better!! I find the hardest part is choosing low carb veg, I feel as if we are not eating enough. Any suggestions on how to get more veggies into our diet?
Update: Well I tried it again but this time I altered the recipe a bit. I combined the 2 TBSP cereal with 1 cup of Almond Coconut Milk and 1 TSP "Swerve" Powdered Sugar Substitute. I whisked the ingredients together thoroughly and then microwaved on high for 2 minutes. I whisked again after removing from the microwave and added 1TBSP butter. After letting it sit for about 1 minute, I whisked it one more time and then added blueberries and blackberries. ... full review
The nerve impulse is characterised by a great influx of sodium ions through channels in the neuron's cell membrane followed by an efflux of potassium ions through other channels. The neuron is unable to fire again for a short time (known as the refractory period), which is mediated by another potassium channel. The flow through these ion channels is governed by a "gate" which is opened by either a voltage change or a chemical messenger known as a ligand (such as a neurotransmitter). These channels are another target for anticonvulsant drugs.[7]
Supplements: MCT oil and fish oil, ensuring they are USDA-organic, hexane-free, and non-GMO. One important thing to note: MCT oil delivers beta-hydroxybutyric acid (BHB), which is the most important ketone body, and its benefits can be gained without fasting or even carbohydrate restriction. While the full benefits of a ketogenic diet will only be realized if you adhere to the diet in its entirety, incorporating MCT oil into your current diet and supplementation is a good way to benefit from ketone bodies on a smaller scale.

Since your carbohydrate intake will be restricted, you'll have to rely more on healthy fats, like nuts, seeds, and avocados, for energy. You can also use oil, butter, and nut butters in your cooking to enhance the flavor and richness of dishes. In general, an appropriate serving of healthy fat is roughly the size of your thumb, though you can safely have a little bit more or less depending on your hunger and energy requirements.


Almond Meal is made slightly different than almond flour. Instead of blanching the almonds to remove the skins, the skins on the almonds are kept on. It’s a little bit coarser than almond flour and still bakes the same. For baked goods, I like to use a super fine ground almond flour but I will equally use almond meal as it seems to perform just as well in most recipes, at a reduced cost.
Once you start eating this very low amount of carbs, you’re body will become keto adapted. You are starving it from the carbs therefore it needs to find a source of fuel. When you’re in ketosis, your body will no longer have the carbs it once used to fuel your body. It will have to resort to using your own body fat for fuel. This is amazing because you’ll lose body fat if that was your goal and many other benefits you’ll see below.
Hi! My donuts are in the oven right now, but they are spreading too much & not rising. Almost running off the donut pan. I only filled them 3/4 full as you show in the video. I doubled the recipe using the above calculator. I know I followed it exactly. Any idea of what I did wrong? The batter tasted yummy and so did the finished product, the donuts just weren’t as pretty as yours.

I swap out the Erythritol and 100% cacao for 2 squares of 90% cacao (I’ve been using a Lindt candy bar; they were on sale). I use just a bit over 1/8 tsp. of baking powder. I add a touch of pink Himalayan sea salt. I microwave it for 42 seconds (1100 watts), Set a Tbsp. of peanut butter on top, make my coffee (gives the peanut butter time to soften/melt), dump the measuring spoon out and spread it around a bit. Absolutely perfect. (note: this is a VERY DARK CHOCOLATE TASTING CAKE, if you don’t usually eat dark chocolate, you will want to stick with the original recipe!)
You may be surprised with this recipe that you are instructed to soak the nuts for a few hours before making the cereal, but this is to increase the nutrients in the nuts and get rid of any nasties. If you store this in individual jars in the fridge, you can make a week’s supply of this cereal at a time then just grab one in the morning to get you off to a great start.
I would suggest using a keto calculator on the various websites I mentioned like Maria Body Mind Health or Ketogains. 20 net carbs, not total carbs. So I subtract the total carbs from the fiber to get my net carbs. It should be just 5% of your day, just like the chart I posted, protein can range from 15-25% for my body that is anywhere between 60-80 grams a day and the rest is fat.
Carbohydrates are a good source of quick energy to fuel your body's natural functions and keep you going during busy days. They have gotten a bad reputation in the fitness and weight-loss worlds, though, because many typical carbs that people take in are starchy, sugary, salty and contain no useful nutrition. Choose the right kind of low-carb cereal and you can enjoy a quick and convenient breakfast or snack entirely guilt-free.

If you are facing a really busy day and don’t have time to cook eggs and bacon, you could rustle up this filling and delicious grain and gluten-free cereal to get the whole family off to a healthy start. It takes a few minutes to cook, then you can enjoy this warming bowlful either on its own or with some fresh berries for added fruitiness. Perfect for a busy family!
You’re transitioning. Your body is equipped to process a high intake of carbs and a lower intake of fat. Your body needs to create enzymes to be able to do this. In the transitional period, the brain may run low on energy which can lead to grogginess, nausea, and headaches. If you’re having a large problem with this, you can choose to reduce carb intake gradually. 

This was a great read. I aim to restrict carbs always because I believe most are why the American population is obese. I would very much like to hear more about carb restriction excluding the discussion on processed meats and processed high salt content foods because I consume neither. I also don’t consume dairy or eggs. So can you provide some substance. 

And, very unlike generic, boxed spaghetti, shirataki noodles come pre-packaged in liquid, portioned out in a plastic bag that gets refrigerated. The noodles are watery and emanate a faint, fishy odor (though they're 100 percent vegan), which comes from the plant they are made from. Shirataki noodle manufacturers recommend rinsing, draining and drying the noodles before using them in dishes -- this'll help reduce the smell. Nevertheless, the pasta alternative is a smart choice for those looking for something gluten-free, low-carb or lighter in calories.

Hi Sandy, You might be able to deep fry them (haven’t tried), but you’d still have to bake them first. The batter is too thin to just straight deep fry, it wouldn’t hold together. You can make them into a different shape if you don’t have a donut pan; some people have used muffin tins. Otherwise the cheap but great donut pan I use is linked in the post above if you want to get one.


The goal of the KD is to sufficiently deprive the body of CHO to achieve physiological or “nutritional ketosis,” a metabolic state which is characterized by blood ketone levels between 0.5 and 3.0 mmol/L (26). This “switch over” point, however, is not seamless and may take up to several weeks for individuals to become “keto adapted” (18). Supporting this idea is a significant amount evidence indicating that a “keto adapted” body has little reliance on glucose for CNS function (8,14,16) or as a source of energy for exercise (17,18,25,27).
Hi all, keto here. This recipe “works” fine. I formed cute little cavatelli by pressing/rolling little cylinders of the dough off the tines of a fork. I fried them as directed and they kept their shape perfectly during frying and saucing. But the texture was still mush to the tooth. Also the coconut taste is present on the tongue, even though I cheated and floured the fork and my thumb with AP flour while forming the cavatelli. The coconut taste clashed with my bolognese sauce.
Switching to a low-carbohydrate diet doesn't necessarily require sacrificing flavorful Italian meals for bland alternatives. We already know that there are a ton of mouthwatering recipes that use zucchini, squash, and other delicious veggies in place of the traditional flour-made staple. If, however, you don't have the time to chop and spiralize your main ingredients, fear not: There's a low-carb pasta substitute for every type of dish.
Almond flour is available in supermarkets and grocery stores, but you can find it for the lowest price when you buy it in bulk online. Make sure you purchase the finest blanched almond flour that has no darker specks of skin. The finer the grind of the almond flour, the finer the consistency of your baked goods and the easier it will be for your food to rise.
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