The primary outcome, hemoglobin A1c, decreased from 7.5 ± 1.4% at baseline to 6.3 ± 1.0% at week 16 (p < 0.001), a 1.2% absolute decrease and a 16% relative decrease (Table ​(Table4).4). All but two participants (n = 19 or 90%) had a decrease in hemoglobin A1c (Figure ​(Figure1).1). The absolute decrease in hemoglobin A1c was at least 1.0% in 11 (52%) participants. The relative decrease in hemoglobin A1c from baseline was greater than 10% in 14 (67%) participants, and greater than 20% in 6 (29%) participants. In regression analyses, the change in hemoglobin A1c was not predicted by the change in body weight, waist circumference, or percent body fat at 16 weeks (all p > 0.05).
Another amazing recipe!! I made these this morning and they came out great. I baked for 28 minutes. Mine didn’t rise very much, I used brand new baking powder but I must have measured something incorrectly. I used your knife method when taking out of the pan and then turned my pans upside down and tapped them and the donuts fell right out. I also bought the pans you suggested. They were a huge hit. Thank you!!
Melanie, curious to know what the quality of the foods you are eating? Organic? Grass fed Beef/butter? What oils are the using for fats? And do you think you are getting enough dark leafy greens, which give you the nutrient density needed to detox well? toxins stored in fat cells can cause issues with weight lose. looking into these topics and some light tweaks may help you with your goals! Best of luck!
Hey there! Tried these today and they are awesome. I did change a couple of things…I used Fairlife Milk instead of Almond milk and used real sugar instead of a sweetener. The crazy thing is…I ran the ingredients through my recipe calculator and with my ingredients there is 11.6 carbs per donut (and I got 8 instead of 6) and with your ingredients, there were just over 13 carbs. This confused me. Whatever the carb count, they are great!
A standby snack for everyone from toddlers to seniors, plain Cheerios are a moderately low-carb choice, with 20 grams per cup. Kay’s Naturals cereals in three flavors -- French vanilla, honey almond and apple cinnamon -- have 18 to 19 grams per 1.2-ounce serving. They get their sweet flavors from honey, sugar and stevia. Another low-carb choice is the soy-based cereal, Smaps, in cocoa or sweet maple flavors, which contain monk fruit or low-glycemic fruit concentrate and 8 grams of carbs per ½-cup serving.
Granola can be used as a breakfast dish or as a source of energy to snack on during the day, especially if you take part in sports and need a bit of a boost. This low carb version makes a lovely crunchy breakfast cereal but it also a great topping for yogurt or ketogenic ice cream. This granola can be stored in an airtight container for up to two weeks.
If you are trying to get the kids to eat healthier and not rely on sugary cereals you might find this keto one will win them over. It has a great texture from the nuts and seeds and has a sweet warming flavor from the cinnamon and sweetener. This cereal is great with your choice of milk or can be made a bit more filling by adding in some fresh berries.
Klein S, Sheard NF, Pi-Sunyer S, Daly A, Wylie-Rosett J, Kulkarni K, Clark NG. Weight management through lifestyle modification for the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes: rationale and strategies. A statement of the American Diabetes Association, the North American Association for the Study of Obesity, and the American Society for Clinical Nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004;80:257–263. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Louise holds a Bachelors and Masters in Natural Sciences from Cambridge University (UK). She attended Columbia University for her JD and practiced law at Debevoise & Plimpton before co-founding Louise's Foods, Paleo Living Magazine, Nourishing Brands, & CoBionic. Louise has considerable research experience but enjoys creating products and articles that help move people just a little bit closer toward a healthy life they love. You can find her on Facebook or LinkedIn.
I recently started using Carbquik and overall, I'm pleased with it. I'm on a low-carb diet, and my dining options have really opened up! So far, I've made cheese biscuits, pizza dough, and pancakes. The pizza dough isn't great, but if you use the right kind of pizza pan and roll it thin enough, it's certainly acceptable and it beats not being able to have pizza at all.
Ginger Vieira has lived with Type 1 diabetes and Celiac disease since 1999, and fibromyalgia since 2014. She is the author of Pregnancy with Type 1 Diabetes & Dealing with Diabetes Burnout & Emotional Eating with Diabetes & Your Diabetes Science Experiment. Ginger creates content regularly for Diabetes Strong, Healthline, HealthCentral, DiabetesDaily, EverydayHealth, and her YouTube Channel. Her background includes a B.S. in Professional Writing, certifications in cognitive coaching, Ashtanga yoga, and personal training with several records in drug-free powerlifting. She lives in Vermont with her husband, their 2 daughters, and their dog, Pedro.
Basically, carbohydrates are the primary source of energy production in body tissues. When the body is deprived of carbohydrates due to reducing intake to less than 50g per day, insulin secretion is significantly reduced and the body enters a catabolic state. Glycogen stores deplete, forcing the body to go through certain metabolic changes. Two metabolic processes come into action when there is low carbohydrate availability in body tissues: gluconeogenesis and ketogenesis.

Prior to the advent of exogenous insulin for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in the 1920's, the mainstay of therapy was dietary modification. Diet recommendations in that era were aimed at controlling glycemia (actually, glycosuria) and were dramatically different from current low-fat, high-carbohydrate dietary recommendations for patients with diabetes [1,2]. For example, the Dr. Elliot Joslin Diabetic Diet in 1923 consisted of "meats, poultry, game, fish, clear soups, gelatin, eggs, butter, olive oil, coffee, tea" and contained approximately 5% of energy from carbohydrates, 20% from protein, and 75% from fat [3]. A similar diet was advocated by Dr. Frederick Allen of the same era [4].
Hi Brenda, I have been gathering your recipes on Pinterest for a while. I had weight loss surgery, have been maintaining my weight loss for over 3 years now. However the sugar addiction is real, and although I am thin now I just don’t feel healthy! I eat healthy for the most part but a lot of chocolate and pastries when the kids are in bed! I have been researching Keto not only for me, but my 9 year old son as well. I am worried about his weight, he is very husky,and I am scared that he will struggle with the weight and health problems I struggled with for years as he gets older. I have read many good things about keto for kids, and not just for weight loss. I have tried a low carb high protein diet with him but after reading about macros and counting protein and calories, realized I had been doing it wrong. What are your thoughts on children being on a keto diet?
Use this allowable low carb food list for Atkins Phase 1, (the Induction phase of Atkins) to help you start your low carb keto diet the right way. Included are fats, meats, eggs, dairy and the lowest low carb vegetables. As one loses weight, other higher carb foods are added such as nuts/seeds and lower carb fruits. These foods are systematically added back in Phase Two of Atkins. Over time, higher carb foods can be added back to the diet if eaten sparingly and if they fit within one’s daily carbohydrate intake. These foods are the foundation of low carb diets.
Hi Debbie, Whole milk yogurt (whether cow milk or goat milk) is a person choice for a keto diet. It does contain some lactose, which is a sugar, but some people evidence suggests that there may be less than the label implies due to the beneficial bacteria in the yogurt. Either way, if you include it, be sure to get the plain kind without any added sugar.
These tasty mini burgers are perfect for parties because they can feed your low carb AND carb-loving guests and no one will even miss that bread. Make them for tailgating parties, game day parties, summer picnics, or just a fun weeknight dinner for the family. Once you dip those little burger bites in that special sauce you’re going to be going back for seconds!

With the help of keto-friendly ingredients, you can easily make yourself some delicious, fluffy pancakes. There are, in fact, several ways to make fantastic keto pancakes, but our favorite is the Faux “Buckwheat” Pancakes made with almond flour and flaxseed meal. Try them for yourself if you want low-carb pancakes that taste just like the real thing.


This was a great read. I aim to restrict carbs always because I believe most are why the American population is obese. I would very much like to hear more about carb restriction excluding the discussion on processed meats and processed high salt content foods because I consume neither. I also don’t consume dairy or eggs. So can you provide some substance.
JoAnna, We have 3 ways we typically thicken soups: 1) with a bit of cream cheese, 2) with heavy cream, or 3) with beef gelatin. Depending on which you use, it will change the flavor of the soup slightly, but cream cheese or heavy cream might be a really delicious flavor pairing with mushrooms! Xanthan gum will also work if you have it on hand (start with a little and work your way up), but we don’t use it (unfortunately it causes tummy troubles for a lot of people, us included!).
Low Carb FoodsLow Carb MixesLow Carb BarsLow Carb BreadsLow Carb BrowniesLow Carb Cakes - PiesLow Carb CandyLow Carb CerealLow Carb ChocolateLow Carb CondimentsLow Carb CookiesLow Carb EntreesLow Carb MuffinsLow Carb PastaLow Carb PastriesLow Carb SnacksDiet FoodsHealthy MixesHealthy BarsHealthy BreadsHealthy BrowniesHealthy Cakes - PiesHealthy CandyHealthy CerealHealthy ChocolateHealthy CondimentsHealthy CookiesHealthy EntreesHealthy Frozen FoodHealthy MuffinsHealthy PastaHealthy PastriesHealthy Peanut ButterHealthy Snack FoodsSupplements
I wasn't sure how this pasta would taste, but I was pleasantly surprised. I am a type 2 diabetic and I can always use more options for pasta that helps keep my blood sugar under control. Only problem I had was that it took a lot longer than the 3 minutes the package stated to cook it. On the whole, I am satisfied. I include a photo of my Garlic Shrimp with Fettuccine I made with the pasta.
Overall, to get a good nutrition calculation (1) weigh all dry ingredients instead of volumetric (go try and weigh a cup of pecans, pour it out, try again, etc; you will see you probably have around 10% variance, and that variance skyrockets when you start talking about smaller quantities like 1/4 cup due to how the nuts pack in); (2) add all the ingredients into your recipe calculator of choice (I use mynetdiary.com, but YMMV); (3) weigh the final result out to find a total weight of results; (4) divide that weight by the number of servings, to see what weight your servings should be. You could also get a volumetric measure of servings after that just for fun, but see above about volumetric measures of dry goods (especially chunky, variably sized dry goods like this).
This was a great read. I aim to restrict carbs always because I believe most are why the American population is obese. I would very much like to hear more about carb restriction excluding the discussion on processed meats and processed high salt content foods because I consume neither. I also don’t consume dairy or eggs. So can you provide some substance.

The modified Atkins diet reduces seizure frequency by more than 50% in 43% of patients who try it and by more than 90% in 27% of patients.[18] Few adverse effects have been reported, though cholesterol is increased and the diet has not been studied long term.[48] Although based on a smaller data set (126 adults and children from 11 studies over five centres), these results from 2009 compare favourably with the traditional ketogenic diet.[18] 

You’re transitioning. Your body is equipped to process a high intake of carbs and a lower intake of fat. Your body needs to create enzymes to be able to do this. In the transitional period, the brain may run low on energy which can lead to grogginess, nausea, and headaches. If you’re having a large problem with this, you can choose to reduce carb intake gradually.
Hi Mel, Assuming that your ranch dressing doesn’t have sugar added, you don’t need to worry too much about limiting it, but within reason. This is my homemade ranch dressing recipe, which has 0.9g net carbs per 2-tbsp serving. It would be hard to find a store bought one with much less than that, even though some round anything less than 1g down to 0g, which isn’t truly accurate. Also, keep in mind that if weight loss is your goal, some people find that too much dairy can cause a stall. Finally, make sure you aren’t using all your “available” carbs on ranch dressing – have it with some low carb veggies!
In addition, not all carbs come in the form of white bread, fluffy pizza crusts, and other wheat products. Harvard explains that beans and fruit are also sources of good carbohydrates, so keep that in mind before you decide to completely carve out carbs from your diet. With that in mind, we've rounded up some of the best pasta swaps that don't taste like cardboard—in fact, some even taste just as delicious (or better) than the real thing.
Rest assured, not everyone experiences this side effect of the ketogenic diet and, if you do, it will abate on its own; furthermore, there are some simple preventative steps you can take to lower your likelihood of “catching” this flu. As you adopt a ketogenic diet, make sure you replace electrolytes, eat enough fat to meet your total caloric needs, drink plenty of water, and exercise as you are able. It’s very important, however, to ensure that you aren’t relying on sugary sports drinks to replace electrolytes, as all that added sugar will prevent your metabolism from entering ketosis. Ultimately, electrolytes play a crucial role in our health and many Americans do not consume them at adequate levels, so it is very important to monitor your intake of these nutrients regardless of whether or not you are an adherent of the ketogenic diet.
Another difference between older and newer studies is that the type of patients treated with the ketogenic diet has changed over time. When first developed and used, the ketogenic diet was not a treatment of last resort; in contrast, the children in modern studies have already tried and failed a number of anticonvulsant drugs, so may be assumed to have more difficult-to-treat epilepsy. Early and modern studies also differ because the treatment protocol has changed. In older protocols, the diet was initiated with a prolonged fast, designed to lose 5–10% body weight, and heavily restricted the calorie intake. Concerns over child health and growth led to a relaxation of the diet's restrictions.[19] Fluid restriction was once a feature of the diet, but this led to increased risk of constipation and kidney stones, and is no longer considered beneficial.[18]
There are theoretically no restrictions on where the ketogenic diet might be used, and it can cost less than modern anticonvulsants. However, fasting and dietary changes are affected by religious and cultural issues. A culture where food is often prepared by grandparents or hired help means more people must be educated about the diet. When families dine together, sharing the same meal, it can be difficult to separate the child's meal. In many countries, food labelling is not mandatory so calculating the proportions of fat, protein and carbohydrate is difficult. In some countries, it may be hard to find sugar-free forms of medicines and supplements, to purchase an accurate electronic scale, or to afford MCT oils.[54]
Well from what I’ve learned and of course there is conflicting info, no one is really an expert and every person is different, but I lose the bullet proof coffee but I’d rather “eat” my fat amount later in the day I guess. Like in the form of a sweet fat bomb or something. I’ve read that too much fat for where I’m at with just like 5 pounds to lose, I may not see the scale move because my body will only be burning the fat I’m eating. I’m still experimenting to see what works best for me. Right now I’m slowly losing and seeing results. I guess if the I stop seeing any results I will have to change things up. I will be sure to post about it.
The ketogenic diet is an incredibly powerful tool that can be wonderfully effective in treating a variety of health issues facing modern society. By allowing the body to burn fat for fuel, the ketogenic diet can not only lead to sustainable weight loss, but it actually pushes the body to use an alternative and potentially superior fuel source. If you are just starting a ketogenic diet, use the tips outlined above and stick with it; it can be a challenging transition, but there are many, many benefits of long-term adherence to this diet.

Because some cancer cells are inefficient in processing ketone bodies for energy, the ketogenic diet has also been suggested as a treatment for cancer.[59][60] A 2018 review looked at the evidence from preclinical and clinical studies of ketogenic diets in cancer therapy. The clinical studies in humans are typically very small, with some providing weak evidence for anti-tumour effect, particularly for glioblastoma, but in other cancers and studies, no anti-tumour effect was seen. Taken together, results from preclinical studies, albeit sometimes contradictory, tend to support an anti-tumor effect rather than a pro-tumor effect of the KD for most solid cancers.[61]


Yes you can lose fat on a low carb because it’s just another low calorie diet. How do I know this? I’ve done low carb, (Atkins, etc) high carb, (Slimming Word) moderate carb etc and log my food and was shocked each time to see they were all low calorie. After the initial week or so the rate of fat loss is same as any other diet. It’s calories in calories out. Simple. It’s what some call indirect deficit diet placing silly restriction, rules can eat must eat etc. and of course you lose weight but nothing to do with low carb. It works because it’s a low calorie diet.
Sometimes a hot cereal hits the spot, but with around 28 grams per serving, regular oatmeal may overshoot your carb goals. However, sugar-free instant oatmeal has around 19 grams per packet, if you don’t mind the artificial sweeteners, and instant Cream of Wheat has 20 grams per packet, which is about ¾ cup prepared. Two other brands, Sensato and ProtiDIET, are sucralose-sweetened hot cereals. Sensato hot cereal comes in apple cinnamon, strawberrilicious and vanilla almond, with 12, 11 and 10 grams of carbs per ½ cup, respectively. ProtiDIET oatmeals have 6 carb grams per packet and come in cinnamon spice, apple cinnamon and maple brown sugar flavors.
So I replaced a lot for these donuts. Replaced butter with coconut oil. Replaced sea salt with table salt. Replaced erythritol with stevia. Used imitation vanilla. And used sweetened almond milk. The donuts came out okay. Obviously not comparable to wheat flour, not as soft. And I used stevia/cinnamon for the toping along with melted coconut oil which I didn’t like. The donut is definitely a great replacement for diabetics, which is why I’m making them. I’m not sure how the erythritol tastes as a topping but the stevia was not great. I made 6 decent size MUFFINS. Yeah I filled the donut pan too high and they look like muffins. What I plan on doing is using the little divot (the hole that was cooked over) and filling it with sugar-free preserves. That will be amazing. A much improved desert over toast with jam. So it is pretty good, but not as great as “real” donuts.
This keto granola can be made in big batches and stored for use during the week, but it takes just a couple of minutes to throw it together so can be made fresh each morning. This makes a perfect energy-rich start to the day if you are no-sugar, and the slow release of energy will boost your system till lunch. Serve with nut milk of your choice – almond milk or coconut milk work well here.

After increasing water intake and replacing electrolytes, it should relieve most all symptoms of Keto Flu. For an average person that is starting a ketogenic diet, eating 20-30g of net carbs a day, the entire adaptation process will take about 4-5 days. My advice is to cut your carbs to fewer than 15g to ensure that you are well on your way into ketosis within one week. If you are experiencing any more keto flu symptoms, double check your electrolyte intake and adjust.
I am a recent convert to using freeze-dried fruit and if you try this amazing crunchy granola you will see why. The fruit has a much more intense flavor than fresh berries and helps to add that fruity note to the nuts and coconut flakes. It also makes this cereal more child-friendly because the fruit turns the milk pink! This granola can also be formed into bars to give you a boost of energy through the day.
Looking for that hearty crunch that’s packed full of flavor? Look no more. Instead of cracking open a box of Ritz or Cheez-Its, go ahead and make your own! You can make crackers from anything including flaxseed meal (featured in The RULED Book), chia seeds, or even almond flour to make your own homemade crunchy snacks with a delicious flavor of your own.

Most people don’t know this but when mitochondria make energy, they also produce oxidative stress. Think of how an engine burns gas to make energy and waste products, it is somewhat similar. While small amounts of oxidative stress can be beneficial to the body, too much can contribute to chronic inflammation. Chronic inflammation is at the root of almost every chronic disease people face today.
Interested in trying a fad diet? There are plenty to choose from, and low-carb pasta can be incorporated into most. The Atkins, ketogenic, and paleo diets — to name just a few — all prescribe a low-carb lifestyle to support health and fitness. On these diets, instead of consuming carbs for energy, you will eat protein, healthy fats, fruits, and veggies. Each of the aforementioned programs allows for a small portion of carbs each day, so you can chow down on low-carb pasta without falling off plan.
Hi! I tried making the bread using my homemade almond flour left over from the almond milk pulp (I dry it and then blend it). The batter wasn’t as wet as yours in the video and it didn’t rise at all and was very dense. Since it wasn’t that wet I couldn’t mix it enough to get air bubbles. My baking powder isn’t fresh so maybe that’s the cause like you said. Since it wasn’t fresh I did add 1 tsp. baking soda and 2 tsp of apple cider vinegar. Also, my almond flour doesn’t look as light and fluffy as yours.
I’m new to this type of baking. My husband is borderline diabetic, so I decided to try more low card recipes, by eliminating wheat flours from our diet. I’ve tried some other bread recipes that didn’t deliver the expected results, but this one did. And its so simple to make. My husband remarked that the texture reminded him of rye bread, and asked it there was something we could add to give it more of a rye bread flavor. I did a little research and discovered that caraway seeds would do the trick. I partially ground about 2 teaspoons and soaked in warm water for a few minutes, then drained before adding it to the batter. It worked!
If you're in search of carb-free noodles that perfectly mimic the taste and texture of regular spaghetti -- a true miracle -- keep looking. Like pasta, shirataki noodles are mostly neutral in flavor and can absorb the tastes you cook with. But, shirataki has a slimier consistency and you won't be able to choose the hardness of your pasta -- al dente or otherwise -- because the noodles are already "cooked." 
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