“We need to look really carefully at what are the healthy compounds in diets that provide protection. Low-carb diets that replace carbohydrates with protein or fat are gaining widespread popularity as a health and weight loss strategy. However, our data suggests that animal-based low carbohydrate diets, which are prevalent in North America and Europe, might be associated with shorter overall life span and should be discouraged

After the 1st time I started making these i started making it as a cake using a small casserole dish cutting into 8 pieces, without the sugar/cinnamon topping. I tried monk fruit sugar and love it (new at Costco in Seattle) I also used 2% milk (all I had on-hand). I’ve made several batches and theres been some on the counter for 2 weeks now. My husband and I love having a treat we can grab on the go.
Finally! A granola that I don’t HAVE to put any kind of a sweetener in! I’ve been keto for almost 2 years and have really missed a good bowl of granola/cereal for breakfast. Your recipe is perfect. I made it ahead of time and keep it in an airtight container. It’s so nice to be able to grab the container, pour some in a bowl and enjoy, and for me, I find that the nuts give a good flavor without the sweetener. I’m always looking for recipes that I don’t HAVE to use a sweetener in because almost all of the ones used in LCHF recipes cause war in my bowels, sigh. This recipe is perfect. THANK YOU so much for getting online for the rest of us. 🙂
I had to make a few changes though. First, what makes a donut taste like a donut is nutmeg. I added a few gratings and cut the cinnamon down to about half. Second, I live in South Korea and almond milk almost always contains sugar and is very expensive. I used heavy cream and then added a splash of water when the batter was very thick. Third, I don’t have erythritol, but I do have a stevia and erythritol blend so I used that.

All cold cereals are going to have some carbs in them. The key is to avoid simple carbohydrates, such as those found in processed grains like corn flakes or any old-school cereal made with refined white flour and a ton of sugar. The health organization Diabetes UK recommends choosing a cereal based on whole wheat, oats or bran. In addition to eating whole grain cereals, you also need to avoid excess added sugar such as high fructose corn syrup. The Center for Young Women's Health suggests that you choose a cereal that contains fewer than 8 grams of sugar per serving. Dried fruit counts as added sugar, so pay attention to the ingredient list. You can always purchase unsweetened cereal and add fresh fruit as a sweetener, because the vitamins, minerals and antioxidant benefits of fresh fruit outweigh the natural sugars.


If you are a coconut lover you will really love this hot cereal in the morning. This is one of the best breakfast cereals you can have, especially on a colder day, as it gets you filled up and heated up at the same time. It has a rich coconut flavor which is complemented by the vanilla and is sweet enough to satisfy a sweet tooth, and with only two grams of carbs in each serving, it is definitely low. 

What's a foodie to do when you adore pasta, but you're trying to cut back on carbs or switch to a diet with a lower glycemic index? Simple. Try some of the low-carbohydrate pastas we found. Not only do they contain fewer carbs and calories that the regular stuff, but many have added protein and fiber, and are available in vegan options, too. When users buy our independently chosen editorial picks, we may earn commissions to support our work. Skip to the best low carb pasta on Amazon.
If no food processor is at hand, you can also do it by hand (it just takes a little more time and arm muscle!). Add all the dry ingredients to a large bowl and whisk until thoroughly combined. Pour in vinegar and whisk until thoroughly distributed. Pour in egg while whisking vigorously and keep whisking until the dough becomes too stiff to whisk. Using your hands, knead the dough until thoroughly incorporated, adding a teaspoon of water at a time as needed (we use 2). 

Recently, four studies have re-examined the effect of carbohydrate restriction on type 2 diabetes. One outpatient study enrolled 54 participants with type 2 diabetes (out of 132 total participants) and found that hemoglobin A1c improved to a greater degree over one year with a low-carbohydrate diet compared with a low-fat, calorie-restricted diet [5,6]. Another study enrolled 8 men with type 2 diabetes in a 5-week crossover outpatient feeding study that tested similar diets [7]. The participants had greater improvement in glycohemoglobin while on the low-carbohydrate diet than when on a eucaloric low-fat diet. The third study was an inpatient feeding study in 10 participants with type 2 diabetes [8]. After only 14 days, hemoglobin A1c improved from 7.3% to 6.8%. In the fourth study, 16 participants with type 2 diabetes who followed a 20% carbohydrate diet had improvement of hemoglobin A1c from 8.0% to 6.6% over 24 weeks [9]. Only these latter three studies targeted glycemic control as a goal, and two of these were intensely-monitored efficacy studies in which all food was provided to participants for the duration of the study [7,8]. Three of the studies [6,8,9] mentioned that diabetic medications were adjusted but only one of them provided detailed information regarding these adjustments [9]. This information is critical for patients on medication for diabetes who initiate a low-carbohydrate diet because of the potential for adverse effects resulting from hypoglycemia.
I’ve done the micro version for slices and it was quite good. Today trying the loaf recipe – but with the micro version and this one my mix never comes out like a batter – more like a moist dough. Any ideas what I may be doing wrong please? I have to say though that you are wonderful giving me a non carb bread – my husband loves bread and needs to lose weight. Many thanks!

Taste is quite eggy; I have issues with the smell and taste of eggs (I usually hurl immediately). I was hoping this would be more noodle than egg 🙁 This being said; I simmered it in a broth (2 pkgs beef OXO, 2 tsps garlic powder, 1/2 tsp pepper; 1/8 tsp sirracha; 2 tsps oregano and about 2 a cup and half of water). Then I added some shaved beef that I had fried with orions and garlic – Like a makeshift PHO; Its tastes pretty amazing; but I can still only eat it in little bis because the noodles are still quite eggy :/ I would NOT make this recipe without a silicone mat and don’t spread the mixture all the way to the edges if the mat fits your Ian exactly or it will run under it as the mixture is VERY thin, definetly not the traditional sense of “batter”. I cooked for exactly 5 mins, it will look like it isn’t done, but trust the recepie, it is done. I used a spatula to slowly peel it off piece by piece; there was quite a bit of breakage, so don’t expect to get long noodles, but if you are careful you can definetly get a decent noodle. Overall a good recipe, just not one for someone who doesn’t particularly like eggs.


Made these donuts this morning, and they are delicious. The simplest and one of the best low carb donut recipes that I have tried. I did add a scoop of whey protein powder for structure, and that worked great. I used Swerve in the donuts and a small amount of Truvia (which contains a little sugar–but okay in this tiny amount per donut) for the topping. I got 8 donuts out of the recipe, but I think I actually could’ve gotten 10. I have two 6-cavity nonstick Wilton donut pans like the ones pictured in your link. Great recipe, Maya. Thanks!
A survey in 2005 of 88 paediatric neurologists in the US found that 36% regularly prescribed the diet after three or more drugs had failed, 24% occasionally prescribed the diet as a last resort, 24% had only prescribed the diet in a few rare cases, and 16% had never prescribed the diet. Several possible explanations exist for this gap between evidence and clinical practice.[34] One major factor may be the lack of adequately trained dietitians, who are needed to administer a ketogenic diet programme.[31]

In Asia, the normal diet includes rice and noodles as the main energy source, making their elimination difficult. Therefore, the MCT-oil form of the diet, which allows more carbohydrate, has proved useful. In India, religious beliefs commonly affect the diet: some patients are vegetarians, will not eat root vegetables or avoid beef. The Indian ketogenic diet is started without a fast due to cultural opposition towards fasting in children. The low-fat, high-carbohydrate nature of the normal Indian and Asian diet means that their ketogenic diets typically have a lower ketogenic ratio (1:1) than in America and Europe. However, they appear to be just as effective.[54]
You can substitute half of the spelt flour for half of the flour called for in your recipe. This will help to keep the texture of bread when baking spelt bread. For total carbohydrates, it comes in at almost 27, with a net carbohydrate count of just under 22. The GI is getting up into the midrange, so this bread will start to raise blood sugars more at 55-67 than the previous four choices on our list.
Hi Patti, It’s up to you if you want to go by weight or by volume. I include both for convenience. Some people don’t want to weigh all their food, though weighing is definitely more accurate. The volumes listed are based on how a food is normally served, so for iceberg lettuce it would be chopped, not minced. It sounds like you’re weighing anyway, so in this case just use the weights instead (they are shown in grams in parentheses next to the volumes). Hope this helps!

You can find all my recipes on the main landing page of my website. There’s a search bar at the top and you can type anything you’re looking for, if I’ve made a recipe for it you’ll see it. Also there’s a tab at the top of the page that says recipe index and a ton of categories for you to find what you’re looking for. If you want to never miss a new recipe, I post twice weekly, you can subscribe to my website by adding you email address in the middle of the landing page, that says, Never Miss a Recipe. Hope that helps!
Just made these, without a silpat (I used parchment) and with a wonky cookie sheet (I desperately need a new one, and will have one before I make these again) but they were great! I really wanted chicken noodle soup, as I woke up this morning with a sore throat.. These are awesome!! Very little taste, not eggy at all, and my chicken soup really hit the spot! Thanks!

Prior to the advent of exogenous insulin for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in the 1920's, the mainstay of therapy was dietary modification. Diet recommendations in that era were aimed at controlling glycemia (actually, glycosuria) and were dramatically different from current low-fat, high-carbohydrate dietary recommendations for patients with diabetes [1,2]. For example, the Dr. Elliot Joslin Diabetic Diet in 1923 consisted of "meats, poultry, game, fish, clear soups, gelatin, eggs, butter, olive oil, coffee, tea" and contained approximately 5% of energy from carbohydrates, 20% from protein, and 75% from fat [3]. A similar diet was advocated by Dr. Frederick Allen of the same era [4].
Ginger Vieira has lived with Type 1 diabetes and Celiac disease since 1999, and fibromyalgia since 2014. She is the author of Pregnancy with Type 1 Diabetes & Dealing with Diabetes Burnout & Emotional Eating with Diabetes & Your Diabetes Science Experiment. Ginger creates content regularly for Diabetes Strong, Healthline, HealthCentral, DiabetesDaily, EverydayHealth, and her YouTube Channel. Her background includes a B.S. in Professional Writing, certifications in cognitive coaching, Ashtanga yoga, and personal training with several records in drug-free powerlifting. She lives in Vermont with her husband, their 2 daughters, and their dog, Pedro.
What's a foodie to do when you adore pasta, but you're trying to cut back on carbs or switch to a diet with a lower glycemic index? Simple. Try some of the low-carbohydrate pastas we found. Not only do they contain fewer carbs and calories that the regular stuff, but many have added protein and fiber, and are available in vegan options, too. When users buy our independently chosen editorial picks, we may earn commissions to support our work. Skip to the best low carb pasta on Amazon.

Before starting, ask yourself what is really realistic for you, Mattinson suggests. Then get your doctor’s okay. You may also work with a local registered dietitian nutritionist to limit potential nutrient deficiencies and talk about vitamin supplementation, as you won’t be eating whole grains, dairy, or fruit, and will eliminate many veggies. “A diet that eliminates entire food groups is a red flag to me. This isn’t something to take lightly or dive into headfirst with no medical supervision,” she says.
Then on the nutrition label, it reads, Low carb. Also the nutrition label does not list as a category, the carb count. All nutrition labels that read “Low Carb” would have a line item for the carbs, even if its <1g. Although, I personally have never seen a label that reads Low Carb as part of the nutrition label it's self, maybe in the ad area though.

Hwu believes risks of cardiovascular disease and diabetes — which are both associated with high blood pressure, glucose and cholesterol — may be reduced by following the ketogenic diet, based on research. A recent study from Johns Hopkins found a ketogenic diet was not only safe, but effective for adults who had certain severe forms of epilepsy, supporting previous research.
The brain is composed of a network of neurons that transmit signals by propagating nerve impulses. The propagation of this impulse from one neuron to another is typically controlled by neurotransmitters, though there are also electrical pathways between some neurons. Neurotransmitters can inhibit impulse firing (primarily done by γ-aminobutyric acid, or GABA) or they can excite the neuron into firing (primarily done by glutamate). A neuron that releases inhibitory neurotransmitters from its terminals is called an inhibitory neuron, while one that releases excitatory neurotransmitters is an excitatory neuron. When the normal balance between inhibition and excitation is significantly disrupted in all or part of the brain, a seizure can occur. The GABA system is an important target for anticonvulsant drugs, since seizures may be discouraged by increasing GABA synthesis, decreasing its breakdown, or enhancing its effect on neurons.[7]
Hi Jan, Sorry they didn’t work for you. It’s hard to say what happened without being in the kitchen with you. Did you use exactly the same ingredients and amounts? Also, if they were not cooked, then they probably needed to be in the oven for longer. If they were clumpy, it’s also possible that the almond flour wasn’t fine blanched (it needs to be) or the batter wasn’t mixed well enough. Hope this helps.

We have solid evidence showing that a ketogenic diet reduces seizures in children, sometimes as effectively as medication. Because of these neuroprotective effects, questions have been raised about the possible benefits for other brain disorders such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, multiple sclerosis, sleep disorders, autism, and even brain cancer. However, there are no human studies to support recommending ketosis to treat these conditions.
I think these are unbelievable! This is actually the first time I've written a review on Amazon, but I feel like I have to with these. I am trying to do a low carb/low cal diet to lose about 30 pounds, and have a huge weakness for pasta. I have tried Shirataki noodles, spaghetti squash, skipping the pasta altogether and just making veggies with sauce, and this is BY FAR the best way to quench my craving for pasta.
I make this recipe ALL the time. It’s so good and I’m always bummed out when run out of it. Luckily it is so quick and easy to make. It’s a great low carb cereal and I always double or triple the recipe. (Note…I use half the butter per batch and just mix it longer in my food processor until it all comes together and it comes out perfect every time.)
The main limitations of our study are its small sample size, short duration, and lack of control group. That the main outcome, hemoglobin A1c, improved significantly despite the small sample size and short duration of follow-up speaks to the dramatic and consistent effect of the LCKD on glycemia. For other effects, however, such as the rises in serum LDL and HDL cholesterol, the small sample size might be the reason statistical significance was not reached. Future studies of larger samples and containing a control group are needed to better address questions about the effect of the LCKD on serum lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Want perfectly uniform mini burger patties? Try using a lid from a small jar, or a cookie cutter, as a form for your ground beef. You’ll have to find one that is the right size (slightly larger than you want the burger to be once it is cooked) but once you have it you’re good to go. Line the lid with plastic wrap to keep the ground beef from sticking inside of it!
With that in mind, would you recommend adding additional eggs and/or liquid to account for the absorption properties of the coconut flour? Perhaps eggs, egg whites, yogurt, or cream? The original recipe (which calls for two large eggs) has a great balance of crispy/chewy, so I will be trying to approximate that as closely as possible. I know it’s going to take some experimentation, just trying to make an educated guess on the starting point.
I actually went on a ketogenic diet last year to see if it would help my migraines. I have a history of chronic migraines which would usually last 3 days, sometimes longer. Triptans help a lot but I don’t like having to take them. I stayed in ketosis for about 8 months and experienced a significant reduction in migraines, from feeling some type of headache (mild o r severe) almost everyday to 1 or 2x per month while in ketosis. Although I’m very healthy otherwise, I do think my migraines may have something to do with blood sugar fluctuations (despite previously eating a whole foods diet and no refined carbs), and keto totally stabilized this. I eventually came off of Keto because I’m not really a meat lover. When I came off, but remained low carb, my migraines stayed under control for the most part. When I increase carbs, they do return.
Try to replace all soda and juice consumption with something that has no sugar or only trace amounts of sugar. Switch out fruit juices for low-carb smoothies and tea. Tea comes in a variety of flavors that can help you get through the day if you get tired of water. There are a variety of different smoothies you can make for a meal replacement or as a quick snack as well.
The first modern study of fasting as a treatment for epilepsy was in France in 1911.[12] Twenty epilepsy patients of all ages were "detoxified" by consuming a low-calorie vegetarian diet, combined with periods of fasting and purging. Two benefited enormously, but most failed to maintain compliance with the imposed restrictions. The diet improved the patients' mental capabilities, in contrast to their medication, potassium bromide, which dulled the mind.[13]
A systematic review in 2018 looked at 16 studies on the ketogenic diet in adults. It concluded that the treatment was becoming more popular for that group of patients, that the efficacy in adults was similar to children, the side effects relatively mild. However, many patients gave up with the diet, for various reasons, and the quality of evidence inferior to studies on children. Health issues include high levels of low-density lipoprotein, high total cholesterol, and weight loss.[24]
This is the best keto bread recipe out there, in my opinion. I make it every week. The psyllium husk is brilliant and really makes this like more traditional bread. I add a TBL of swerve to help counter any egg taste too. Comes out great every time. Sometimes I add cheddar cheese and that’s delicious too! I love this bread. Thank you for sharing the recipe! It’s a winner!
Oh my God, do you have any idea what you have done, LOL. I have searched for months for anything like biscuits etc. I have a good pancake recipe but that is it. I am not paleo just a 65 year old junk food junky. I’m extremely low carb and sugar and grain free. Your biscuit recipe is fantastic! I do tweak it a little, just a touch more butter and they are so good I only get 6 out of the recipe for 12, oops. Gonna try the bread recipe next. THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU.
In fact, once all our our reserved glucose/glycogen runs out after several days on a low-carb, keto diet, our bodies create compounds called ketone bodies (or ketones) from our own stored body fat, as well as from fats in our diet. In addition, researchers have discovered that ketones contain main benefits, such as fat loss, suppressing our appetites, boosting mental clarity and lowering the risk for a number of chronic diseases.

The ketogenic diet is an incredibly powerful tool that can be wonderfully effective in treating a variety of health issues facing modern society. By allowing the body to burn fat for fuel, the ketogenic diet can not only lead to sustainable weight loss, but it actually pushes the body to use an alternative and potentially superior fuel source. If you are just starting a ketogenic diet, use the tips outlined above and stick with it; it can be a challenging transition, but there are many, many benefits of long-term adherence to this diet.

The carb content of cereals can be counterintuitive, with some sweeter-tasting varieties having fewer grams than healthy-looking kinds. For instance, a 3/4-cup serving of Honey Nut or Chocolate Cheerios has 22 grams of carbs, while a 1-cup serving of whole wheat mini-biscuits or bran flakes with raisins has 40 to 45 grams, depending on the brand. Most granolas are high-carb as well, with 35-plus grams per serving. The carbs in similar cereals may vary between brands, too, so inspect the nutrition facts label on every box before you buy.
The trick to working with coconut flour is accepting the fact that it requires a lot of eggs to give it structure and a decent consistency. It can be a little shocking to see half a dozen to a dozen eggs in a recipe, but as you try it out, you will see that it works. The end results are rarely too eggy or rubbery. You will also be surprised to see how little coconut flour is used in most recipes. It’s incredibly dense, but expands remarkably with the added eggs and liquid, so you typically only need about a third of the amount you would need with conventional flour or nut flours.
Brown rice flour should be stone ground in order to preserve the natural whole grain of the rice. It’s got carbohydrates, though. You knew rice would have carbohydrates, and even with brown rice in flour form, it carb city. Total carbohydrates in this flour are up to about 60.5, with net carbohydrates a little lower at 57. The GI index isn’t bad at the lower midlevel at 62. It’s going to raise some blood sugars, though.

I’m trying your recipe for the first time. It is very similar to a bun recipe that I make with psyllium husks so I am incorporating the method from that into this recipe. I made a few slight changes… I added garlic powder ground Rosemary and oregano, one quarter cup ground flaxseed, one tablespoon apple cider vinegar. I only used 3 eggs, and increased the Water by 2 tablespoons. By adding apple cider vinegar and the baking soda, they create a very light effervescent foam as they interactwhen I add the warm water, which acts naturally to the raise the bread, thereby allowing me to decrease the eggs. I added the extra water due to the extra dry ingredients. I’m very confident that this will work out very well. It always works with my buns so I’m eager to test this out. Thank you again for the base recipe.

Variations on the Johns Hopkins protocol are common. The initiation can be performed using outpatient clinics rather than requiring a stay in hospital. Often, no initial fast is used (fasting increases the risk of acidosis, hypoglycaemia, and weight loss). Rather than increasing meal sizes over the three-day initiation, some institutions maintain meal size, but alter the ketogenic ratio from 2:1 to 4:1.[9]
Yes, some ideas on meal plans and very easy recipes would be very helpful. I’m 67, very overweight, diabetes, high blood pressure. My big love are all the carbs. This way of life seems impossible to me, all that fat just doesn’t sound appealing. I can’t see how to eat that much fat a day. Years ago, I did try Dr. Atkins diet but I had a very hard time with the very limited carbs. But now, I need to something drastic but haven’t a clue how to start.

While the ketogenic diet may sound “new,” it actually parallels the way many of our ancestors ate, before the advent of agriculture allowed for the domestication of staple crops like wheat and corn. Before the widespread emergence of these crops into the modern diet, which are high in carbohydrates and sugar (particularly in their most processed forms), our ancestors ate a wide variety of wild plants and animals and much less carbohydrate or sugar. This diet, naturally lower in carbohydrate, forced our ancestors’ bodies to burn fat for fuel as opposed to carbohydrates — the core goal of the ketogenic diet.
Love your blog and recipes, thank you! Congratulations on doing keto – I’ve been sugar, dairy, grain and pretty much all carb free for over a year keeping my carbs to under 30 grams per day. My question is about coffee…did you give it up? I was drinking way too much coffee with heavy cream so I finally gave that up for Califia almond/coconut creamer sugar free of course! Did you give up coffee during the keto trial?
Thank you, Wenda! Yes, the nutrition info is based on 6 donuts. If you keep the ingredients the same but make more (smaller) donuts out of them, the macronutrients per donut would be lower. If you just multiply the ingredients by 4 to make 24 donuts that are the same size as mine (increase the # of servings on the recipe card to 24), then the nutrition info per donut would stay the same.

Hi Carl. I had never heard of it and upon research, it appears that Smucker’s (the parent company) does not make it available for sale in the States. I looked at the ingredients and it lists: cracked wheat, cracked rye, cracked and whole flax seeds and rice. At 27g carbs and 5g fiber, it would me my whole days worth of carbs. However, some people who do low carb diets can eat 100 carbs a day and still lose/maintain weight. If this is you, it might be something you can have. Most people on a ketogenic diet avoid grains as they tend towards inflammation. Other’s would not eat this product because it would cause too much of an insulin spike for them. I hope I answered your question. -Kim
Gary D. Foster, Ph.D., Holly R. Wyatt, M.D., James O. Hill, Ph.D., Brian G. McGuckin, Ed.M., Carrie Brill, B.S., B. Selma Mohammed, M.D., Ph.D., Philippe O. Szapary, M.D., Daniel J. Rader, M.D., Joel S. Edman, D.Sc., and Samuel Klein, M.D., “A Randomized Trial of a Low-Carbohydrate Diet for Obesity — NEJM,” N Engl J Med 2003; 348:2082- 2090. http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa022207.
Taken together, these results demonstrate a positive effect of LCD/KD on body composition. While KD may not be superior to other dietary strategies aimed at weight reduction, the evidence does suggest that it may be equally effective. Nevertheless, the International Society of Sports Nutritionists, in their Position Stand on the effects of diets on body composition, suggest the KD holds little benefit over higher CHO diets, with one notable exception; KD may enhance appetite control (1).
Erythitol gives me painful tummy cramps; Swerve or Pyure and generic brands all cause this. 1 tsp liquid stevia or liquid Splenda is equivalent to 1 C erythitol, so 1/4-1/2 tsp is enough for this recipe. However adding a liquid sweetener offsets the solid to liquid ratio. I usually add sifted egg protein powder in the amount of the powered sweetener. A glaze can be made with coconut milk, liquid sweetener, and thickened with xanthan gum. A lemon extract or raspberry extract are perfect for flavoring the glaze.
Wow!! I was so happy to see last night that I had all of the ingredients except the flax seeds, so I threw all these ingredients together and am enjoying them this morning on my homemade Gree yogurt…delish!! This is really giving me my cereal satisfaction. I did substitute some ground flax for the flax seeds and it seems to have worked beautifully. Other than that I followed the recipe exactly and couldn’t be happier with the results! Thank you thank you for posting this!

The ketogenic diet has recently become very popular, and many food companies want to cash in by putting a “ketogenic” or “low carb” label on a new product. Be very cautious of special “keto” or “low-carb” products, such as pastas, chocolate bars, energy bars, protein powders, snack foods, cakes, cookies and other “low carb” or “ketogenic” treats. Read all labels carefully for natural low carb ingredients. The fewer ingredients the better.
Out of 63 comments so far, only 3 people actually said that they tried the recipe, and only one of those rated it. Yet there were 16 other ratings from 3 to 5 stars from folks who didn’t make the recipe but weighed in to ask a question or say some form of “these look great, I’ll have to try this”. And there were 10 questions about using some particular thing or other to replace the gluten, even though it was clearly spelled out from the beginning that nothing could be used as a substitute. Yes, you are a saint, lol!
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